Design Criteria for Non-Orthogonal Space–Time Block Codes in Multipath Channels
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We consider the problem of designing high rate space–time block codes in multipath fading channels. For this, both minimizing the effect of the self-interference induced by the code itself, and mitigating the inter-symbol-interference induced by the channel have to be addressed. We translate the problem into an equivalent problem of designing a constrained code in a single-path channel with more antennas, and argue that design criteria derived in single-path apply when optimizing this constrained code. Here we concentrate on an analytic measure pertinent to mutual information maximization and BER-performance optimization. The design program is successfully applied to rate one linear space–time transmissions from four transmit antennas. A family of discrete permutations of the transmitted sequences are considered. Performance is optimized within this family, and the results are seen to effect directly both mutual information and error performance.
Key wordsDiversity multipath channels multiple antennas space–time block codes time-reversed codes.
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