LGB identity and career decision-making self-efficacy among sexual minority college students

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of LGB identity on career decision-making self-efficacy. This study utilizes a mediation model that incorporates a personal (self-compassion) and an environmental (social support) factor as key model variables. Mediating effects of social support and self-compassion were found. Specifically, LGB identity was associated with social support, which in turn was linked with increased self-compassion, resulting in greater self-efficacy in career decision-making.

Résumé

L’identité LGB et le sentiment d’efficacité vocationnelle parmi les étudiants appartenant à des minorités sexuelles

Le but de cette étude était d’examiner les effets de l’identité LGB sur le sentiment d’efficacité vocationnelle. Ainsi, l’étude a testé un modèle de médiation qui incluait un facteur personnel (l’auto-compassion) et un facteur environnemental (le soutien social) comme variables principales. Des effets médiateurs du soutien social et de l’auto-compassion ont été trouvés. Plus précisément, l’identité LBG était associée au soutien social, qui lui, en retour, était lié à un niveau d’auto-compassion plus élevé, ce qui a conduit à un meilleur sentiment d’efficacité vocationnelle.

Zusammenfassung

LGB-Identität und Selbstwirksamkeit hinsichtlich Laufbahnentscheidungen von Studentinnen und Studenten sexueller Minderheiten

Das Ziel dieser Studie war es, den Zusammenhang von LGB-Identität auf die Selbstwirksamkeit hinsichtlich Laufbahnentscheidungen zu untersuchen. Die Studie verwendete dazu ein Modell, welches persönliche (Selbstmitleid) und umweltbezogene (soziale Unterstützung) Faktoren als Mediatoren einbezieht. Es konnten Mediatoreffekte von sozialer Unterstützung und Selbstmitleid nachgewiesen werden. Insbesondere war die LGB-Identität mit sozialer Unterstützung verbunden, die wiederum positiv mit Selbstmitleid verbunden war. Diese Ausgangslage führte schliesslich zu einer größeren Selbstwirksamkeit, was Laufbahnentscheidungen anbelangte.

Resumen

La identidad LGB y la autoeficacia en la toma de decisiones profesionales entre los estudiantes universitarios de minorías sexuales

El propósito de este estudio fue examinar los efectos de la identidad de miembros del colectivo LGB en la autoeficacia de la toma de decisiones profesionales. Este estudio utilizó un modelo de mediación que incorpora un factor personal (autocompasión) y uno ambiental (apoyo social) como variables modelo clave. Se encontraron efectos de mediación del apoyo social y la autocompasión. Específicamente, la identidad de los miembros del colectivo LGB se asoció con el apoyo social, que a su vez se vinculó con un aumento de la autocompasión, lo que se tradujo en una mayor autoeficacia en la toma de decisiones profesionales.

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Funding

Hansori Jang’s work was supported by Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Research Fund.

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Correspondence to Hansori Jang.

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Jang, H., Smith, C.K. & Duys, D.K. LGB identity and career decision-making self-efficacy among sexual minority college students. Int J Educ Vocat Guidance (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-020-09428-1

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Keywords

  • Sexual minority identity development
  • Career development
  • Mediating effects of personal and environmental factors