Advertisement

International Best Practices in Career Development: Review of the Literature

  • George V. Richard
Article

Abstract

This paper presents a review of the literature to identify exemplary international career planning programs. Following the National Career Development Guidelines as a guide, a framework was created to organize the research: Content, process, and infrastructure. This review of the literature supports the general tenets of career development – that self-knowledge and career exploration, and an interactive and integrated method of delivery, are key to sound career decision-making. The focus of the international community indicates increasing interest of the world on career guidance services, and commonalities among countries differing along many cultural, social, and economic lines.

Keywords

Career Development Planning Program Career Guidance Career Exploration Guidance Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé. Les bonnes pratiques internationales dans le développement des trajectoires de vie professionnelle: revue de la littérature

Cet article présente un examen de la littérature pour identifier des programmes internationaux exemplaires de planification de carrière. En prenant les Directives Nationales de Développement des Trajectoires de Vie Professionnelle comme guide, on a créé un cadre de références pour organiser la recherche: contenus, processus et infrastructures. Cet examen de la littérature conforte les principes généraux du développement de la vie professionnelle, à savoir que la connaissance de soi, l’exploration de carrière et une méthode interactive et intégrée sont des éléments clé pour une prise de décision de carrière éclairée. La communauté internationale insiste sur l’intérêt croissant dans le monde pour les services d’orientation de carrière et sur ce qu’il y a de commun entre des pays qui diffèrent en termes d’aspects culturels, sociaux et économiques.

Zusammenfassung. Internationale Praxisempfehlungen in der Berufsberatung: Literatursichtung

Dieser Artikel stellt eine Literatursichtung vor, die vorbildliche internationale Berufswahlprogramme ausgewählt hat. Auf der Grundlage der Nationalen Berufsberatungsrichtlinien wurde eine Struktur entwickelt, an der sich die Suche ausrichtete: Inhalt, Prozesse, Infrastruktur. Diese Literatursichtung belegt die allgemeinen Grundannahmen der Berufsberatung – dass nämlich die Kenntnis der eigenen Person, die Berufskunde und die interaktiven und integrativen Verfahren des Berufswahlunterrichts die Schlüssel für eine abgesicherte Berufsentscheidung sind. Die Aufmerksamkeit des internationalen Beratungsfeldes weist auf ein wachsendes Interesse der Welt an Berufsberatungsdienstleistungen hin, sowie auf Gemeinsamkeiten über Ländergrenzen hinweg, die sich jedoch entlang verschiedener kultureller, sozialer und wirtschaftlicher Linien durchaus auch unterscheiden.

Resumen. Buenas Prácticas Internaciones de la Orientación para el Desarrollo de la Carrera: Revisión de la Literatura

Este artículo presenta una revisión de la literatura para identificar programas ejemplares de planificación de la carrera internacionales. Tomando como guía las Directrices Nacionales del Desarrollo de la Carrera (National Career Development Guidelines, EEUU), se creó un marco de referencia para organizar los elementos de la investigación: contenido, proceso e infraestructura. Esta revisión respalda los principios generalmente aceptados del desarrollo de la carrera – que el auto-conocimiento y la exploración de la carrera, y que los métodos de intervención interactivos e integrados, son claves para el proceso de toma de decisiones. El foco de atención de la comunidad internacional indica un interés creciente por los servicios de orientación para la carrera en el mundo, así como las semejanzas entre los países que difieren por otro lado en aspectos culturales, sociales y económicos.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brown, S. D., Ryan Krane, N. E. 2000Four (or five) sessions and a cloud of dust: Old assumptions and new observations about career counselingBrown, S. D.Lent, R. W. eds. Handbook of counseling psychology3John Wiley & SonsNew York740766Google Scholar
  2. Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education2001Career services standards and guidelines: Self-assessment guideAuthorWashington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Fretwell, D. H., & Plant, P. (2001, March). Career development policy models. Synthesis paper presented at the Second International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy, Vancouver, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  4. Fretz, B. R. 1981Evaluating the effectiveness of career interventions [Monograph]Journal of Counseling Psychology287790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gillie, S. & Gillie-Isenhour, M. (2003). The educational, social, and economic value of informed and considered career decisions. Report produced by the America’s Career Resource Network Association, Alexandria, VA. Retrieved April 6, 2005 from http://www.acrna.net/publications/iccd-sub1.pdfGoogle Scholar
  6. Guichard, J. 2003Career counseling for human development: An international perspectiveThe Career Development Quarterly51306321Google Scholar
  7. Hesketh, B., Rounds, J. 1995International cross-cultural approaches to career developmentWalsh, W. B.Osipow, S. H. eds. Handbook of vocational psychology: Theory, research, and practice2Lawrence ErlbaumMahwah, NJ367390Google Scholar
  8. Huteau, M. 2001The evaluation of methods in career education interventionsInternational Journal for Education and Vocational Guidance1177196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hache, L., Redekopp, D. E., Jarvis, P. S. 2000Blueprint for life/work designsNational Life/Work CentreNew Brunswick, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  10. Kitson, H. D. 1925The psychology of vocational adjustmentLippincottPhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  11. Lunneborg, P. W. 1983Career counseling techniquesWalsh, W. B.Osipow, S. H. eds. Handbook of vocational psychologyErlbaumHillsdale, NJ4176Google Scholar
  12. Maddy-Bernstein, C., Cunanan, E. S. 1995Exemplary career guidance and counseling programs: What should they look like? (MDS-855)National Center for Research in Vocational Education, University of CaliforniaBerkeley, CAGoogle Scholar
  13. Matias, Z. B., Maddy-Bernstein, C., Harkin, G. 1999Zeroing in on students’ needs: The 1998 exemplary career guidance and counseling programs (MDS-1233)National Center for Research in Vocational Education, University of CaliforniaBerkeley, CAGoogle Scholar
  14. National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee1989National career development guidelinesAuthorWashington, DCGoogle Scholar
  15. Oliver, L. W., Spokane, A. R. 1988Career-intervention outcome: What contributes to client gain?Journal of Counseling Psychology35447462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Otis-Skinner, C., Betz, K. 1998Best practices for career centers at liberal arts collegesJournal of Career Planning and Employment592224Google Scholar
  17. Parsons, F. 1909Choosing a vocationHoughton MifflinBostonGoogle Scholar
  18. Plant, P. (2001). Quality in careers guidance. Paper prepared for an OECD review of policies for information, guidance and counselling services. Commissioned jointly by the European Commission and the OECD. Paris: OECDGoogle Scholar
  19. Phillips, S. D. 1992Career counseling: Choice and implementationBrown, S. D.Lent, R. W. eds. Handbook of counseling psychology2Marathon Consulting and PressColumbus, OH513547Google Scholar
  20. Sampson, J. P., Watts, A. G., Palmer, M., Hughes, D. 2000International collaboration in translating career theory to practiceThe Career Development Quarterly48332339Google Scholar
  21. St. John-Brooks, C. 1996Educational and career guidance: What works?The OECD Observer2023740Google Scholar
  22. Spokane, A. R., Oliver, L. W. 1983The outcomes of vocational interventionWalsh, W. B.Osipow, S. H. eds. Handbook of vocational psychologyErlbaumHillsdale, NJ99116Google Scholar
  23. Swanson, J. L. 1995The process and outcome of career counselingWalsh, W. B.Osipow, S. H. eds. Handbook of vocational psychology2ErlbaumMahwah, NJ217259Google Scholar
  24. Sweet, R. 2001Career information, guidance and counseling services: Policy perspectivesAustralian Journal of Career Development101114Google Scholar
  25. Watts, A. G. (2003, November). Working connections: OECD observations. Paper presented at the Pan-Canadian Symposium on Career Development, Lifelong Learning and Workforce Development, Toronto, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  26. Watts, A. G., Fretwell, D. H. 2004Public policies for career development: Case students and emerging issues for designing career information and guidance systems in developing and transition economiesWorld BankWashington, DCGoogle Scholar
  27. Watts, A. G., & Sultana, R. G. (2003, October). Career guidance policies in 36 countries: Contrasts and common themes. Paper commissioned by CEDEFOP presented at the “Career Guidance and Public Policy: Bridging the Gap” conference organised by OECD and the Canadian Government in collaboration with the European Commission, the World Bank, and IAEVG, Toronto, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  28. Whiston, S. C., Brecheisen, B. K., Stephens, J. 2003Does treatment modality affect career counseling effectiveness?Journal of Vocational Behavior61390410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Whiston, S. C., Sexton, T. L., Lasoff, D. L. 1998Career-intervention outcome: A replication and extension of Oliver and SpokaneJournal of Counseling Psychology45150165CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Association of American Medical CollegesWashington, D.C.USA

Personalised recommendations