Career Guidance Policies in 37 Countries: Contrasts and Common Themes
- 1.2k Downloads
This paper synthesises the main findings from three co-ordinated reviews of national career guidance policies carried out by OECD, the European Commission and the World Bank. Some important differences are evident, with services in middle-income countries being less well-developed than in high-income countries. But the dynamics of globalisation, together with “policy borrowing”, have led to a great deal of convergence. In all countries, career guidance is viewed as a public good, linked to policy goals related to learning, the labour market and social equity. These goals are being reframed in the light of lifelong learning policies, linked to active labour market policies and the concept of sustained employability. Career guidance accordingly needs to be accessible not just to school-leavers and the unemployed, but to everyone throughout their lives. With career guidance taking increasingly varied and disparate forms, there is a need within countries for stronger mechanisms to articulate a vision and develop a strategy for delivering such access.
KeywordsLabour Market Public Good Lifelong Learning Market Policy Active Labour
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bezanson, L.O’Reilly, E. eds. 2002Making waves: Volume 2, Connecting career␣development with public policy.Canadian Career Development FoundationOttawaGoogle Scholar
- Hiebert, B.Bezanson, L. eds. 2000Making waves: Career development and public policy.Canadian Career Development FoundationOttawaGoogle Scholar
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2002)Rethinking human capital ParisAuthor117131In Education policy analysisGoogle Scholar
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 2004guidance and public policy: Bridging the gap.ParisAuthorGoogle Scholar
- Smith, A. 1776An enquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nationsBlackEdinburghGoogle Scholar
- Sultana, R. G. 2003Review of career guidance policies in 11 acceding and candidate countries: A synthesis reportEuropean Training FoundationTurinGoogle Scholar
- Sultana, R. G. 2004Guidance policies in the knowledge society: Trends, challenges and responses across EuropeCEDEFOPThessalonikiGoogle Scholar
- Watts, A. G. 1996International perspectivesWatts, A. G.Law, B.Killeen, J.Hawthorn, R.Kidd, J. M. eds. Rethinking careers education and guidance: Theory, policy and practiceRoutledgeLondon366379Google Scholar
- Watts, A. G., Fretwell, D. 2004Public policies for career development: Policy strategies for designing career information and guidance systems in middle-income and transition economies.World BankWashington, DCGoogle Scholar