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International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 1245–1252 | Cite as

Strong Gravitational Lensing in the Einstein-Proca Theory

  • GuoPing Li
  • Yan Zhang
  • Li Zhang
  • Zhongwen Feng
  • Xiaotao Zu
Article

Abstract

Adopting the strong field limit approach, we investigate the strong gravitational lensing of a spherically symmetric spacetime in the Einstein-Proca theory. With the strong field limit coefficient, three observable quantities are obtained, which are the innermost relativistic image, the deflection angle and the ratio of the flux. Comparing the observable value and the theoretical value of the strong gravitational lensing, we can verify the effectiveness of the strong gravitational lensing model.

Keywords

Strong gravitational lensing Limit coefficient The deflection angle Einstein-Proca theory 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Foundation of china under Grant NO.11178018.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • GuoPing Li
    • 1
  • Yan Zhang
    • 2
  • Li Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhongwen Feng
    • 1
  • Xiaotao Zu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Physical ElectronicsUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduChina
  2. 2.Institute of Theoretical PhysicsChina West Normal UniversityNanchongChina

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