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International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 1424–1443 | Cite as

Magnetized String Cosmology in Anisotropic Bianchi-II Space-time with Variable Cosmological Term-Λ

  • Kanti Jotania
  • Padminin Yadav
  • S. A. Faruqi
Article

Abstract

The present study deals with a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic Bianchi-II cosmological models representing massive strings by applying the variation law for generalized Hubble’s parameter that yields a constant value of deceleration parameter. We find that the constant value of deceleration parameter is reasonable for the present day universe. The variation law for Hubble’s parameter generates two types of solutions for the average scale factor, one is of power-law type and other is of the exponential form. Using these two forms, Einstein’s field equations are solved separately that correspond to expanding singular and non-singular models of the universe respectively. The energy-momentum tensor for such string as formulated by Letelier (Phys. Rev. D 28:2414, 1983) is used to construct massive string cosmological models for which we assume that the expansion (θ) in the model is proportional to the component \(\sigma^{1}_{1}\) of the shear tensor \(\sigma^{j}_{i}\). This condition leads to A=(BC) m , where A, B and C are the metric coefficients and m is proportionality constant. Our models are in accelerating phase which is consistent to the recent observations. The cosmological constant Λ is found to be a decreasing function of time and it approaches a small positive value at present epoch which is in good agreement by the results from recent supernovae observations. Some physical and geometric behaviour of the models are also discussed.

Keywords

Massive string Bianchi-II model Accelerating universe 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceThe M. S. University of BarodaVadodaraIndia
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsP. G. CollegeGhazipurIndia

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