Singularities Caused by Coalesced Complex Eigenvalues of an Effective Hamilton Operator
The S matrix theory with use of the effective Hamiltonian is sketched and applied to the description of the transmission through double quantum dots. The effective Hamilton operator is non-hermitian, its eigenvalues are complex, the eigenfunctions are bi-orthogonal. In this theory, singularities occur at points where two (or more) eigenvalues of the effective Hamiltonian coalesce. These points are physically meaningful: they separate the scenario of avoided level crossings from that without any crossings in the complex plane. They are branch points in the complex plane. Their geometrical features are different from those of the diabolic points.
Keywordseffective Hamilton complex eigenvalue quantum dots branch points
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