A Model of Light from Ancient Blue Emissions

  • Michael L. Smith
  • Ahmet Mecit Öztaş
  • Jan Paul


A model is presented to explain the luminar distances and associated red-shifts from ancient supernovae. Light frequencies of supernovae type Ia (SNe Ia) vary smoothly with time, decreasing from singularity to present and intergalactic luminar distances are described as linear combinations of Hubble expansion and smaller components from the time-dependent decrease of emission frequencies. When tested with current cosmic matter densities, SNe Ia distances, red-shifts and the Hubble constant the errors between this model and the vacuum energy model favor this new model, though our model suffers from mathematics about zero. An expression between energy and frequency, derived from the model, reducing to the Planck equation for short observation intervals is also discovered and estimated to within 10% using current SNe Ia data. We also propose a relationship for the deceleration of frequency over time, solve at infinity and discover frequency and time will eventually become uncoupled.


supernovae light frequency 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael L. Smith
    • 1
    • 4
  • Ahmet Mecit Öztaş
    • 2
  • Jan Paul
    • 3
  1. 1.Anabolic Laboratories, Inc.TempeUSA
  2. 2.PhysicsHacettepe University of EngineeringAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Division of PhysicsLulea, University of TechnologyLuleaSweden
  4. 4.Anabolic Laboratories, Inc.TempeUSA

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