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Measurement and Analysis of the Temperature Gradient of Blackbody Cavities, for Use in Radiation Thermometry

  • Javier De Lucas
  • José Juan Segovia
Article
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

Blackbody cavities are the standard radiation sources widely used in the fields of radiometry and radiation thermometry. Its effective emissivity and uncertainty depend to a large extent on the temperature gradient. An experimental procedure based on the radiometric method for measuring the gradient is followed. Results are applied to particular blackbody configurations where gradients can be thermometrically estimated by contact thermometers and where the relationship between both basic methods can be established. The proposed procedure may be applied to commercial blackbodies if they are modified allowing secondary contact temperature measurement. In addition, the established systematic may be incorporated as part of the actions for quality assurance in routine calibrations of radiation thermometers, by using the secondary contact temperature measurement for detecting departures from the real radiometrically obtained gradient and the effect on the uncertainty. On the other hand, a theoretical model is proposed to evaluate the effect of temperature variations on effective emissivity and associated uncertainty. This model is based on a gradient sample chosen following plausible criteria. The model is consistent with the Monte Carlo method for calculating the uncertainty of effective emissivity and complements others published in the literature where uncertainty is calculated taking into account only geometrical variables and intrinsic emissivity. The mathematical model and experimental procedure are applied and validated using a commercial type three-zone furnace, with a blackbody cavity modified to enable a secondary contact temperature measurement, in the range between 400 °C and 1000 °C.

Keywords

Blackbody Cylinder-conical cavity Effective emissivity Monte Carlo method Radiation thermometer Radiation thermometry Temperature gradient Uncertainty 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Metrología y CalibraciónInstituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial, «Esteban Terradas»Torrejón de ArdozSpain
  2. 2.Research Group TERMOCALUniversidad de ValladolidValladolidSpain

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