Thermal and Tribological Properties of Jatropha Oil as Additive in Commercial Oil

  • E. A. Gallardo-Hernández
  • G. Lara-Hernández
  • F. Nieto-Camacho
  • A. Domínguez-Pacheco
  • A. Cruz-Orea
  • C. Hernández-Aguilar
  • E. Contreras-Gallegos
  • M. Vite Torres
  • J. J. A. Flores-Cuautle
Article

Abstract

The recent use that has been given to bio-oil as an additive, in a commercial engine oil, raises the necessity to study its physical properties. The present study is aimed to obtain thermal properties of blends made with Jatropha-Curcas L. Oil, Crude, and Refined, at different concentrations using SAE40W oil (EO) as a lubricant base. By using photothermal techniques, thermal effusivity and diffusivity were obtained. The obtained results show that thermal effusivity increases from 455 \(\hbox {Ws}^{1/2}{\cdot }\hbox {m}^{-2}{\cdot }\hbox {K}^{-1}\) to 520 \(\hbox {Ws}^{1/2}{\cdot }\hbox {m}^{-2}{\cdot }\hbox {K}^{-1}\) as the percentage of additive increases as well, whereas thermal diffusivity values range from \(7\times 10^{-8}\hbox {m}^{2}{\cdot }\hbox {s}^{-1}\) to \(10\times 10^{-8}\hbox {m}^{2}{\cdot }\hbox {s}^{-1}\). In the present study, four balls test was used in order to obtain friction coefficient and wear scar values for studied samples, the obtained results point out that in general refined Jatropha-Curcas L. oil presents smaller wear scars than the crude one.

Keywords

Bio-oils Diffusivity Effusivity Photothermal techniques Tribological 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank CONACYT project 241330, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, through the COFAA and EDI scholarships. We also thank Ing. E. Ayala Maycotte and F. Bautista-Gutierrez from Physics Department of CINVESTAV-IPN, O. Alegria from IT-Orizaba, and N.P. Arias for their technical support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. A. Gallardo-Hernández
    • 1
    • 3
  • G. Lara-Hernández
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. Nieto-Camacho
    • 1
  • A. Domínguez-Pacheco
    • 1
  • A. Cruz-Orea
    • 2
  • C. Hernández-Aguilar
    • 1
  • E. Contreras-Gallegos
    • 1
  • M. Vite Torres
    • 1
    • 3
  • J. J. A. Flores-Cuautle
    • 4
  1. 1.Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, SEPI–ESIME-Zacatenco-Instituto Politécnico NacionalMéxicoMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de FísicaCINVESTAV– IPNMéxicoMexico
  3. 3.Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, SEPI-ESIME-Zacatenco, Grupo de TribologíaMéxicoMexico
  4. 4.CONACYT, Maestría en Ingeniería Electrónica, División de Estudios de Posgrado e InvestigaciónInstituto Tecnológico de OrizabaOrizaba VeracruzMexico

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