International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 1066–1079 | Cite as

Evaluation of Residual Stresses Using Laser-Generated SAWs on Surface of Laser-Welding Plates

  • Li-ming Dong
  • Jia Li
  • Chen-yin Ni
  • Zhong-hua Shen
  • Xiao-wu Ni


In this paper, residual stresses in laser-welding plates are studied by both numerical simulation and experiment based on laser ultrasonics. First, a three-dimensional finite-element model is developed to predict temperature distributions and thermo-structure response during the laser-welding process of an aluminum alloy plate, and the residual stresses around the joint are described from structure analysis. After that, experiments based on surface acoustic waves generated by a pulsed laser are carried out to determine the velocity distribution of SAWs around the joint, from which the distribution of main residual stresses are calculated according to acoustoelastic theory. By comparing the thermal-structure model results with the measurements, it is found that the numerical simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental data.


Laser-generated SAWs Laser welding Numerical simulation Residual stresses Wave velocity 



Authors would like to express thanks for the financial support of this research from the National Science Foundation of China under No. 61108013, the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities with No. NUST2012ZDJH007.


  1. 1.
    Y. Chen, L. Li, J. Fang, X. Feng, J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 19, 23 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G.L. Liang, G. Zhou, S.Q. Yuan, Mater. Sci. Eng., A 499, 93 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Belhadj, J. Bessrour, J.E. Masse, M. Bouhafs, L. Barrallier, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 210, 1131 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.J. Attarha, I. Sattari-Far, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 211, 688 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Hirao, H. Fukuoka, K. Hori, J. Appl. Mech. 48, 119 (1981)ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    E.Y. Hu, Y.M. He, Y.M. Chen, Appl. Acoust. 70, 356 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.H. Nadal, C. Hubert, R. Oltra, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 024906 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Duquennoy, M. Ouaftouh, M. Ourak, W.J. Xu, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2490 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. Jassby, D. Saltoun, Mater. Eval. 40, 198 (1982)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. Husson, S.D. Bennett, G.S. Kino, in Proceedings of IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, ed. by B.R. McAvoy (IEEE, New York, 1982), pp. 889–892Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Husson, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 1562 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Duquennoy, M. Ouaftouh, M. Ourak, NDT &E Int. 34, 355 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Duquennoy, M. Ouaftouh, M. Ourak, NDT &E Int. 32, 189 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D.I. Crecraft, J. Sound Vib. 5, 173 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Duquennoy, M. Ouaftouh, M. Ourak, Rev. Prog. Quant. Nondestr. Eval. 17, 1621 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    W.D. Hunt, R.L. Miller, B.J. Hunsinger, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 3532 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y.F. Shi, C.Y. Ni, Z.H. Shen, X.W. Ni, J. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 3504 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y.-H. Pao, W. Sachse, H. Fukuoka, Acoustoelasticity and ultrasonic measurememt of residual stress, in Physical Acoustics: Principles and Methods, vol. 17, ed. by W.P. Mason, T.N. Thurston (Academic Press, New York, 1984)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. Jassby, A. Aharoni, J. Bouvast, Ultrason. Int. 79–85 (1985)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R.R. Rao, A. Padmaja, J. Appl. Phys. 63, 5728 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D.J. Dunstan, S.H.B. Bosher, J.R. Downes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2672 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-ming Dong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jia Li
    • 2
  • Chen-yin Ni
    • 2
  • Zhong-hua Shen
    • 2
  • Xiao-wu Ni
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Research of Iron and Steel, ShasteelZhangjiangChina
  2. 2.College of ScienceNanjing University of Science & TechnologyNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations