International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 32, Issue 7–8, pp 1553–1562 | Cite as

Doping Experiments with Water Triple-Point Cells

  • A. Peruzzi
  • M. Dobre
  • G. Strouse
  • J. Van Geel


Water triple-point cells were manufactured with the ad hoc addition of known amounts ((1 to 10) μmol · mol−1) of Si and Na impurities to cell high-purity water. The depressions of the triple-point temperatures realized by the doped cells with respect to 273.16 K were measured and found substantially different from what is expected by Raoult’s law for ideal diluted solutions.


Impurities in water triple-point cells Raoult’s law for ideal diluted solutions Water triple point temperature 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VSL, Dutch Metrolgy InstituteDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.SMD, FPS EconomyBruxellesBelgium
  3. 3.NIST, National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

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