International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 34, Issue 12, pp 2243–2260 | Cite as

A New Surface Tension Equation for Refrigerants

  • Giovanni Di Nicola
  • Cristiano Di Nicola
  • Matteo Moglie


This study presents a new formula for the surface tension prediction of refrigerants. As a first step, an analysis of the available experimental surface tension data for refrigerants was performed. The experimental data were collected, after a careful literature survey, for the following pure fluids: R11, R12, R13, R13B1, R14, R21, R22, R23, R32, R113, R114, R115, R123, R124, R125, R134, R134a, R141b, R143a, R152a, R218, R227ea, R236ea, R236fa, R245ca, R245fa, R365mfc, and R1234yf. Then, the experimental data were regressed with the most reliable semi-empirical correlating methods based on the corresponding-states theory existing in the literature. As a final step, to minimize the deviation between the predicted data and the experimental data and to find the optimal equation for experimental data regression, a (μ + λ)-evolution strategy was adopted. After a careful statistical analysis of the results, a new formula based on the corresponding-states principle with improved representation of the experimental results was found and proposed.


Critical pressure Critical temperature Refrigerant Surface tension Survey 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Di Nicola
    • 1
  • Cristiano Di Nicola
    • 1
  • Matteo Moglie
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di EnergeticaUniversità Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly

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