Shell Perturbations of an Acoustic Thermometer Determined from Speed of Sound in Gas Mixtures
- 105 Downloads
With the goal of achieving a better understanding of gas–shell coupling perturbations in the acoustic resonators used at INRiM for the determination of the Boltzmann constant, we measured the variation of their acoustic and microwave resonances induced by changing the composition of a binary He–Ar mixture which filled the cavity at constant temperature and pressure. As a consequence of the progressive dilution of a sample of initially pure He with Ar, the radial acoustic modes of the resonator spanned decreasing frequency intervals, partially overlapping, for several modes. In addition to the expected breathing mode of the shell, the results evidenced the presence of several other shell resonances at lower and higher frequencies, confirming that the elastic response of the assembled resonator significantly differs from that of a simple spherical shell. Experimental results are reported for two resonators which differ in design, dimensions, and constructing material. In spite of their being preliminary and susceptible of significant improvement, these results favor the interpretation of acoustic thermometry measurements with pure gases.
KeywordsAcoustic thermometry Shell coupling Speed of sound
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 6.J.B. Mehl, private communicationGoogle Scholar
- 8.D. Truong, private communicationGoogle Scholar
- 9.Moldover M.R., Trusler J.P.M., Edwards T.J., Mehl J.B., Davis R.S.: J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 93, 85 (1988)Google Scholar
- 15.Kohler M.: Ann. Phys. 127, 41 (1949)Google Scholar
- 16.N.J. Simon, E.S. Drexler, R.P. Reed, Properties of Copper and Copper Alloys at Cryogenic Temperatures, NIST Monograph 177 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992)Google Scholar
- 17.Chapman S., Cowling T.G.: The Mathematical Theory of Non-Uniform Gases, 3rd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1970)Google Scholar