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International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 1073–1091 | Cite as

Densities and Volumetric Properties of Binary Mixtures of Butyl Acrylate with Benzene, Toluene, o-Xylene, m-Xylene, p-Xylene, and Mesitylene at Temperatures from 288.15 K to 318.15 K

  • Anil Kumar Nain
  • Rajni Sharma
  • Anwar Ali
  • Swarita Gopal
Article

Abstract

The densities, ρ, of binary mixtures of butyl acrylate (BA) with benzene, toluene, o-xylene, m-xylene, p-xylene, and mesitylene, including those of pure liquids, over the entire composition range were measured at the temperatures (288.15, 293.15, 298.15, 303.15, 308.15, 313.15, and 318.15) K and atmospheric pressure. From the experimental data, the excess molar volumes, \({V_{\rm m}^{\rm E}}\) were calculated. The \({V_{\rm m}^{\rm E}}\) values were negative over the whole composition range for all the mixtures and at each temperature studied, except for BA + mesitylene which exhibit positive \({V_{\rm m}^{\rm E}}\) values, indicating the presence of specific interactions between BA and aromatic hydrocarbon molecules. The deviations in \({V_{\rm m}^{\rm E}}\) values follow the order: benzene<toluene<p-xylene<m-xylene<o-xylene<mesitylene. It is observed that \({V_{\rm m}^{\rm E}}\) values depend upon the number and position of the methyl groups in these aromatic hydrocarbons.

Keywords

Aromatic hydrocarbons Butyl acrylate Density Excess molar volume Molecular interactions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anil Kumar Nain
    • 1
  • Rajni Sharma
    • 1
  • Anwar Ali
    • 2
  • Swarita Gopal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryDyal Singh College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryJamia Millia Islamia, Central UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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