International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 151–157 | Cite as

The Influence of Antimony on the Tin Point

  • J. T. Zhang
  • S. Rudtsch
  • M. Fahr


In 2005, an agreement was reached on how to estimate uncertainties and how to correct fixed-point temperatures for the influence of chemical impurities. Although the general procedure is now specified, some problems remain. The slope of the liquidus line at very low-impurity concentrations must be extracted either from binary-phase diagrams or from doping experiments. Apart from this, there is little experimental evidence to prove that the models used to characterize the freezing and the melting plateaux are adequate, especially for impurities that increase the fixed-point temperature. Therefore, a series of measurements were carried out using a tin fixed-point cell doped with antimony. By varying the freezing and the melting conditions, some useful experimental data were collected.


Antimony doping ITS-90 Tin freezing point Tin melting point 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physikalisch-Technische BundesanstaltBerlinGermany
  2. 2.National Institute of MetrologyBeijingChina

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