The Relationship Between Adult Self-Efficacy and Scientific Competencies: the Moderating Effect of Gender

  • Chun-Yen Tsai
  • Tai-Chu Huang


This study investigated the relationship between adult self-efficacy in science and scientific competencies of Taiwanese citizens. Probability proportional to size sampling was used to select 1830 participants between the ages of 18 and 70. The research methods employed was survey research; analysis was conducted using hierarchical regression analysis. The results indicated that gender and self-efficacy have an explanatory power for scientific competencies. The predictive power of self-efficacy for scientific competencies was different for male and female groups. This study proposes several suggestions regarding science education policies in accordance with the research findings.


Gender Scientific competencies Scientific literacy Self-efficacy 



The work reported here was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, under grants NSC 101-2511-S-110-007-MY3. The authors also greatly appreciate the valuable suggestions of Prof. Huann-shyang Lin and the journal reviewers and editors.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for General EducationNational Sun Yat-sen UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan

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