Non-uniformity Correction Algorithm for THz Array Detectors in High-Resolution Imaging Applications


One of the major challenges in THz imaging using array detectors is the responsivity non-uniformities across different pixels. This is caused by different pixels responding differently and non-linearly to the same incident field. Unfortunately, such responsivity non-uniformities cannot be corrected by the traditional amplitude normalization method, which only accounts for linear responsivity. Therefore, we propose a pixel calibration scheme that corrects a non-linear responsivity of individual pixels. This calibration scheme is particularly useful in a multi-frame sub-pixel imaging technique, which assumes that all pixels have the same characteristics. Using this imaging technique would allow us to achieve an image pixel size smaller than a detector pixel size, in much faster acquisition time compared with most existing systems employing a single-pixel detector. We demonstrate the performance of our pixel calibration approach through THz imaging of various objects by the multi-frame sub-pixel imaging technique. For a square aluminum piece as a test sample, total variation (TV) in the THz image is reduced by at least 12% after applying the pixel calibration. Finally, we present example uses of our proposed technique in moisture distribution imaging. The proposed technique holds promises towards rapid THz high-resolution imaging in non-destructive testing (NDT) and quality control (QC) applications.

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We would like to thank all our intern students for helping us in data collection. We also thank Mr. Woraprach Kusolthossakul for help in correcting grammatical mistakes.


This project was financially supported by Food and Feed Innovation Center, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Thailand.

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Correspondence to Rungroj Jintamethasawat.

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Jintamethasawat, R., Thanapirom, C., Rattanawan, P. et al. Non-uniformity Correction Algorithm for THz Array Detectors in High-Resolution Imaging Applications. J Infrared Milli Terahz Waves (2020).

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  • Terahertz
  • Non-uniformity calibration
  • Fixed-pattern variation
  • High-resolution imaging