High Efficiency Automatic-Power-Controlled and Gain-Clamped EDFA for Broadband Passive Optical Networking Systems

  • Jyi-Lai Shen
  • Shui-Ken Wei
  • Chin-Yuan Lin
  • Ssu Iong Li
  • Chih-Chuan Huang


The configuration of a simple improved high efficiency automatic-power-controlled and gain-clamped EDFA (APC-GC-EDFA) for broadband passive optical networking systems (BPON) is presented here. In order to compensate the phase and amplitude variation due to the different distance between the optical line terminal (OLT) and optical network units (ONU), the APC-GC-EDFA need to be employed. A single 980 nm laser module is employed as the primary pump. To extend the bandwidth, all C-band ASE is recycled as the secondary pump to enhance the gain efficiency. An electrical feedback circuit is used as a multi-wavelength channel transmitter monitor for the automatic power control to improve the gain-flattened flatness for stable amplification. The experimental results prove that the EDFA system can provide flatter clamped gain in both C-band and L-band configurations. The gain flatness wavelength ranging from 1530 to 1610 nm is within 32.83 ± 0.64 dB, i.e. below 1.95 %. The gains are clamped at 33.85 ± 0.65 dB for the input signal power of −40 dBm to −10 dBm. The range of noise figure is between 6.37 and 6.56, which is slightly lower compared to that of unclamped amplifiers. This will be very useful for measuring the gain flatness of APC-GC-EDFA. Finally, we have also demonstrated the records of the overall simultaneous dynamics measurements for the new system stabilization. The carrier to noise ratio (CNR) is 49.5 to 50.8 dBc which is above the National Television System Committee (NTSC) standard of 43 dBc, and both composite second order (CSO) 69.2 to 71.5 dBc and composite triple beat (CTB) of 69.8 to 72.2 dBc are above 53 dBc. The recorded corresponding rise-time of 1.087 ms indicates that the system does not exhibit any overshoot of gain or ASE variation due to the signal at the beginning of the pulse.


Broadband communication Communication networks Optical amplifiers Optical fiber lasers 



This work was supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan under contract number: NSC97-2221-E-236-004.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyi-Lai Shen
    • 1
  • Shui-Ken Wei
    • 1
  • Chin-Yuan Lin
    • 1
  • Ssu Iong Li
    • 1
  • Chih-Chuan Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.Optics Communications Laboratory, Department of Electronic EngineeringTungnan UniversityTaipeiRepublic of China

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