A Double-Beam Radiation Leaky Wave Antenna Based on Left-Handed Material Slab with Metallic Strips Periodically Loaded
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A new leaky-wave antenna structure is carefully investigated in the paper, which is based on a grounded Left-Handed material (LHM) slab periodically loaded with metal strips. A rigorous formulation similar to the spectral domain method for planar circuits is deduced to analyze the radiation characteristics of the antenna. Theoretical analysis results reveal that at specific frequency region or with proper geometrical parameters chosen, the present structure supports simultaneously two leaky modes corresponding to the forward and backward radiations. The principle of the antenna is due to the peculiar propagation properties of the unperturbed LHM grounded slab waveguide, which is totally different from the phenomenon of double or even more space harmonic mode radiations in normal periodic structures. Extensive numerical results of the leakage characteristics are given to establish useful guidelines for the design of the new type leaky wave antenna.
KeywordsLeaky-wave antenna Left-handed material Radiation characteristics Two leaky modes Peculiar propagation properties
The work described in this paper is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 60531020)
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