International Journal of Historical Archaeology

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 536–547 | Cite as

Imposed and Home-Grown Colonial Institutions: The Jesuit Chapels of St. Mary’s City and St. Francis Xavier, Maryland

  • James G. Gibb
  • Scott D. Lawrence


We compare the settings and architecture of a small, community based church in Maryland (US), to that of the Jesuit church in the colony’s capital, St. Mary’s City. The State of Maryland researches and interprets St. Mary’s City, while the parish of St. Francis Xavier supports the search for its first sanctuary. We explore the differences between the sites and their institutions sponsoring the studies, and reflect on what these differences might mean for the relationship of church and state in twenty-first-century Maryland.


Church archaeology Community archaeology Religious communities Colonial Maryland 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Francis Xavier Chapel Archaeological Project, Gibb Archaeological ConsultingAnnapolisUSA
  2. 2.Grave ConcernsPark HallUSA

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