Advertisement

International Journal of Historical Archaeology

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 442–462 | Cite as

Scottish Historical Archaeology: International Agendas and Local Politics

  • Stephen T. Driscoll
Article

Abstract

Historical archaeology as practiced in Scotland is divergent from the mainstream tradition of historical archaeology/post-medieval archaeology that dominates North America and the English-speaking world. Cultural and historical forces have shaped an historical archaeology with a deeper time depth, which extends back into the Middle Ages. It also focuses on different subjects reflecting the political concerns associated with Scottish national identity. Examples drawn from Glasgow’s history are used to illustrate the distinctiveness of the Scottish tradition and how it is evolving. I argue that one of its strengths of Scottish historical archaeology is that it provides a corrective contrast to the subjects and approaches which dominate historical archaeology in the English-speaking world.

Keywords

Medieval Glasgow Govan Modernity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The material covered here has had several outings. First as “Govan and Glasgow: a tale of two burghs or a parable of Scottish Historical Archaeology” at the “Scottish Archaeology and the Invention of the Modern World” session at the SHA Conference, York 2005. In 2006 it underpinned a pair of lectures in Stockholm, which provided some valuable feedback. I am also grateful to Chris Dalgish and an anonymous referee for their sound advice. Katherine Forsyth has worked her usual magic on my prose.

References

  1. Alcock, L. (2003). Kings and Warriors Craftsmen and Priests, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  2. Andrén, A. (1998). Between Artifacts and Texts: Historical Archaeology in Global Perspective, Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Ascherson, N. (2002). Stone Voices: The Search for Scotland, Granta, London.Google Scholar
  4. Atkinson, J., Banks, I., and O’Sullivan, J. (eds.) (1996). Nationalism and Archaeology, Scottish Archaeological Forum, Glasgow.Google Scholar
  5. Austin, D. (1990). The “Proper Study” of medieval archaeology. In Alcock, L., and Austin, D. (eds.), From the Baltic to the Black Sea Studies in Medieval Archaeology, Hyman/Unwin, London, pp. 9–42.Google Scholar
  6. Bhreathnach, E. (ed.) (2005). The Kingship and Landscape of Tara, Four Courts, Dublin.Google Scholar
  7. Broun, D. (2004). The Welsh identity of the kingdom of Strathclyde c. 900-c.1200. Innes Review 55: 111–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carver, M. (2002). Marriage of true minds: Archaeology with texts. In Cunliffe, B., Davies, W., and Renfrew, C. (eds.), Archaeology: The Widening Debate, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 465–496.Google Scholar
  9. Clancy, T. O. C. (ed.) (1998). The Triumph Tree: Scotland’s Earliest Poetry, AD 550–1350, Canongate, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  10. Cowan, E. J. (2003). “For freedom alone”: The Declaration of Arbroath, 1320, Tuckwell, East Linton.Google Scholar
  11. Cruden, S. (1960). The Scottish Castle, Nelson, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  12. Dalglish, C. (2005). Urban Myths: rethinking the archaeology of the modern Scottish city. Scottish Archaeological Journal 27(2): 147–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dalglish, C., and Driscoll, S. T. (2009). Historic Govan: Archaeology and Development, The Council for British Archaeology/Historic Scotland, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  14. Deetz, J. (1977). In Small Things Forgotten, Anchor Books, New York, An Archaeology of Early American Life.Google Scholar
  15. Dennison, E. P., Gallagher, D., and Ewart, G. (2006). Historic Mauchline: Archaeology and Development, The Council for British Archaeology/Historic Scotland, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  16. Devine, T. M. (1975). The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities c. 1740–90, John Donald, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  17. Driscoll, S. T. (1998). Church archaeology in Glasgow and the kingdom of Strathclyde. Innes Review 49: 95–114.Google Scholar
  18. Driscoll, S. T. (2002a). Excavations at Glasgow Cathedral 1988–1997. Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 18, Leeds.Google Scholar
  19. Driscoll, S. T. (2002b). Alba: The Gaelic Kingdom of Scotland AD 800–1124, Birlinn, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  20. Driscoll, S. T. (2003). Govan: an early Medieval Royal centre on the Clyde. In Welander, R., Breeze, D., and Clancy, T. O. (eds.), The Stone of Destiny Artefact and Icon, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Monograph 22, Edinburgh, pp.77–83.Google Scholar
  21. Driscoll, S. T. (2004). The archaeological context of assembly in early medieval Scotland: Scone and its comparanda. In Pantos, A., and Semple, S. (eds.), Early Medieval Assembly Places, Four Courts, Dublin, pp. 73–94.Google Scholar
  22. Driscoll, S. T., O’Grady, O., and Forsyth, K. S. (2005). The Govan School revisited: searching for meaning in the early medieval sculpture of Strathclyde. In Foster, S., and Cross, M. (eds.), Able Minds and Practiced Hands, Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 23, Leeds, pp. 135–58.Google Scholar
  23. Duffy, P. J., Edwards, D., and FitzPatrick, E. (2001). Gaelic Ireland: Land, Lordship and Settlement c. 1250–c.1650, Four Courts, Dublin.Google Scholar
  24. Dunbar, J. (1999). Scottish Royal Palaces: The Architecture of the Royal Residences During the Later Medieval and Early Renaissance Periods, Tuckwell, East Linton.Google Scholar
  25. Duncan, A. M. M. (1975). Scotland: The Making of the Kingdom, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  26. Ferguson, L. (1992). Uncommon Ground: Archaeology and Early African America 1650–1800, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  27. FitzPatrick, E. (2004). Royal Inauguration in Gaelic Ireland c.1100–1600, Boydell and Brewer, Woodbridge.Google Scholar
  28. Forsyth, K. (2005). Hic memoria perpertua: The early inscribed stones of southern Scotland. In Foster, S., and Cross, M. (eds.), Able Minds and Practiced Hands, Society for Medieval Archaeology monograph 23, Leeds, pp. 113–134.Google Scholar
  29. Geary, P. (2002). The Myth of Nations, Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  30. Glassie, H. (1975). Folk Housing in Middle Virginia, University of Tennessee Press, Knoxsville.Google Scholar
  31. Hay, G. D., and Stell, G. P. (1986). Monuments of Industry: An Illustrated Historical Record, RCAHMS, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  32. Herman, A. (2001). The Scottish Enlightenment, the Scots’ Invention of the Modern World, Harper Collins, London.Google Scholar
  33. Hinton, D. (ed.) (1983). 25 Years of Medieval Archaeology, Society for Medieval Archaeology/University of Sheffield, Sheffield.Google Scholar
  34. Hume, J. (1976). The Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, 1: The Lowlands and Borders, Batsford, London.Google Scholar
  35. Hume, J. (1977). The Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, 2: The Highlands and Islands, Batsford, London.Google Scholar
  36. Karl, R., and Stifter, D. (eds.) (2007). The Celtic World, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  37. Kelso, W. M., Luccketti, N. M., and Straube, B. M. (1997). Jamestown Rediscovery III, Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, Richmond.Google Scholar
  38. Kelso, W. M., Luccketti, N. M., and Straube, B. M. (1998). Jamestown Rediscovery IV, Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, Richmond.Google Scholar
  39. Kelso, W. M., Luccketti, N. M., and Straube, B. M. (1999). Jamestown Rediscovery V, Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, Richmond.Google Scholar
  40. Leone, M. (1984). Interpreting ideology in historical archaeology: Using the rules of perspective in the William Paca Garden in Annapolis, Maryland. In Tilley, C., and Miller, D. (eds.), Ideology, Representation and Power in Prehistory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 25–35.Google Scholar
  41. Leone, M., and Potter, P. B. (eds.) (1999). Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism, Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  42. Leone, M. P., Potter, P. B., and Shackel, P. A. (1987). Towards a critical archaeology. Current Anthropology 28(3): 283–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Lynch, M. (2007). Introduction. In Baxter, N. (ed.), A Tale of Two Towns: A History of Medieval Glasgow, Glasgow City Council, Glasgow, pp. 8–19.Google Scholar
  44. MacGibbon, D., and Ross, T. (1887–92). The Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland. 5 volumes, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  45. Maver, I. (2000). Glasgow, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  46. McGuire, R. H., and Paynter, R. (eds.) (1991). The Archaeology of Inequality, Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  47. Mearns, J. (2008). 150 years of Glasgow Archaeological Society. Scottish Archaeological Journal 30: vi–xvii.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Moss, M. S., and Hume, J. R. (1977). Workshop of the British Empire: Engineering and Shipbuilding in the West of Scotland, Heinemann, London.Google Scholar
  49. Nesbit, S. (2009). Early Glasgow Sugar Plantations in the Caribbean. Scottish Archaeological Journal 31 (in press).Google Scholar
  50. Newman, C. (1997). Tara: an Archaeological Survey. Discovery Programme Monographs 2, Dublin.Google Scholar
  51. Noble, T. (ed.) (2006). From Roman Provinces to Medieval Kingdoms, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  52. Noël Hume, I. (1969). Historical Archaeology, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.Google Scholar
  53. O’Grady, O. (2008). The Setting and Practice of Open–air Judicial Assemblies in Medieval Scotland: a Multidisciplinary Study, Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.Google Scholar
  54. O’Sullivan, J. (1998). Nationalists, archaeologists and the Myth of the Golden Age. In Monk, M. A., and Sheehan, J. (eds.), Early Medieval Munster, Archaeology History and Society, Cork University Press, Cork, pp. 178–189.Google Scholar
  55. Orser, C. E. (1996). A Historical Archaeology of the Modern World, Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  56. Pohl, W. (1998). Telling the difference: signs of ethnic identity. In Pohl, W., and Reimitz, H. (eds.), Strategies of Distinction: The Construction of Ethnic Communities, 300–800, E. J. Brill, Leiden, pp. 17–69.Google Scholar
  57. Riddell, J. F. (1979). Clyde Navigation: A History of the Development and Deepening of the River Clyde, John Donald, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  58. Ritchie, A. (ed.) (1994). Govan and its Early Medieval Sculpture, Sutton, Stroud.Google Scholar
  59. Robertson, D. (2005). A Conservation Plan for Govan: Consultation Document, Govan Workspace, Govan.Google Scholar
  60. Scott-Moncrieff, G. (ed.) (1938). The Stones of Scotland, B. T. Batsford, London.Google Scholar
  61. Simpson, W. D. (1943). The Province of Mar, Aberdeen University Press, Aberdeen.Google Scholar
  62. Simpson, G. (ed.) (1972). Scotland’s Medieval Burghs: An Archaeological Heritage in Danger, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  63. Stevenson, S. J., and Torrie, E. P. D. (1990). Historic Glasgow: the Archaeological Implications of Development, Scottish Urban Archaeological Trust, Perth.Google Scholar
  64. Stirling-Maxwell, J. (1899) Sculptured Stones of Govan. Glasgow. Google Scholar
  65. Tabraham, C. (1997). The Scottish Castle, Batsford/Historic Scotland, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  66. Welander, R., Breeze, D., and Clancy, T. O. (eds.) (2003). The Stone of Destiny Artefact and Icon. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Monograph 22, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  67. Williamson, E., Riches, A., and Higgs, M. (1990). The Buildings of Scotland: Glasgow, Penguin, London.Google Scholar
  68. Woolf, A. (2007). From Pictland to Alba, 789 to 1070, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  69. Woolf, A. (2009). A dialogue of the deaf and the dumb: Archaeology, history and philology. In Devlin, Z., and Holas-Clark, C. (eds.), Approaching Interdisciplinarity: Archaeology, History and the Study of Early Medieval Britain, c.400–1100, British Archaeological Reports, Oxford, pp. 3–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations