Pharmacokinetic and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Sanguinarine Solid Lipid Nanoparticles
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The sanguinarine (SG) was studied for its pharmacokinetic and anti-inflammatory activities with prepared solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs). The sanguinarine solid lipid nanoparticles (SG-SLNs) were prepared by film-ultrasonic dispersion method and the entrapment efficiency of SG was higher at 75.6 %. The drug release profile of SG was examined in pH 7.4 PBS and 85 % of the SG loaded in SLNs was gradually released during 24 h. We used mice endotoxin shock model which was induced by lipopolysaccharide (1 mg/kg) to examine the anti-inflammatory function of SG-SLNs. Healthy Kunming mice were administered orally with saline, SG (10 mg/kg), and SG-SLNs (10 mg/kg), respectively, at 12 and 1 h before lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. Mice were sacrificed at 1 and 6 h, respectively, and blood was collect through the venous sinus to access inflammatory mediators. Pharmacokinetic studies proved that the AUC0→24 and C max of SG-SLNs were significantly increased compared that of SG. SG-SLNs revealed significant anti-inflammatory effects through inhibition of LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha level, interleukin 6 level, and nitric oxide production in serum. Therefore, it can be concluded that SG-SLNs led to a better oral bioavailability.
KEY WORDSsanguinarine solid lipid nanoparticles bioavailability inflammation inflammatory mediators
This work was supported by a research grant from Xi’an Jiaotong University.
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