Mössbauer spectroscopy in the system (Nd1-xCex)1.1Fe10CoTi with ThMn12 structure

Abstract

In this work, we examined the effects of the of Nd by Ce substitution and of the nitrogenation in the structural and hyperfine magnetic properties of (Nd1-xCex)1.1Fe10CoTi with x = 0, 0.5 and 1 systems. The alloys were prepared, with high pure elements, by arc-melting and the pieces were then homogenized at 1100 °C for 48 h. The nitrogenation was carried out at 450 °C for 1 h with a pressure of 0.1 MPa. The X-ray diffraction analysis allowed to identify the ThMn12-type structure mainly with average weigh fraction of 68%. The obtained tetragonal ThMn12 structure type presented an increased lattice parameter after nitrogenation for all alloys. The rhombohedral structure Th2Zn17-type is also present in the alloys and their lattice parameters do not show important changes after the nitrogenation. The Mössbauer spectra were fitted with seven sextets and a small quadrupolar component, the sextets were associated to the Fe sites in the ThMn12-type and Th2Zn17-type phases. The mean field, 〈Bhf〉, improve for all alloys after nitrogenation process. The Nd1.1Fe10CoTi (x = 0) and (Nd0.5Ce0.5)1.1Fe10CoTi (x = 0.5) alloys that present weigh fractions of 75 and 73%, respectively, with the ThMn12−type tetragonal structure present a 〈Bhf〉 of 30.9 and 31.0 T, respectively, after nitrogenation. Then, they can be possible candidates for rare earth-lean permanent magnets.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Madugundo, R., Rao, N.V.R., Schönhöbel, A.M., Salazar, D., El-Gendy, A.A.: Recent developments in nanostructured permanent magnet materials and their processing methods. In: El-Gendy, A.A., Barandiarán, J.M., Hadimani, R.L. (eds.) Magnetic Nanostructured Materials, pp. 157–198. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2018) (Chapter 6)

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Gabay, A.M., Hadjipanayis, G.C.: Recent developments in RFe12-type compounds for permanent magnets. Scr. Mater. 154, 284–288 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Schönhöbel, A.M., Madugundo, R., Vekilova, O.Y., Eriksson, O., Herper, H.C., Barandiarán, J.M., Hadjipanayis, J.M.: Intrinsic magnetic properties of SmFe12-xVx alloys with reduced V-concentration. J. Alloys Compd. 786, 969–974 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Tukker, A.: Rare earth elements supply restrictions: market failures, not scarcity, Hamper Their Current Use in High-Tech Applications. Environ. Sci. Technol. 48, 9973–9974 (2014)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Dirba, I., Li, J., Sepehri-Amin, H., Onkubo, T., Schrefl, T., Hono, K.: Anisotropic, single-crystalline SmFe12-based microparticles with high roundness fabricated by jet-milling. J. Alloys Compd. 804, 155–162 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Gabay, A.M., Hadjipanayis, G.C.: Mechanochemical synthesis of magnetically hard anisotropic RFe10Si2 powders with R representing combinations of Sm, Ce and Zr. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 422, 43–48 (2017)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Coey, J.M.D.: Perspective and prospects for rare earth permanent magnets. Engineering. (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eng.2018.11.034

  8. 8.

    Hadjipanayis, G.C., Schönhöbel, A.M., Martín-Cid, A., Barandiarán, J.M., Niarchos, D.: ThMn12-type alloys for permanent magnets. Engineering. (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eng.2018.12.011

  9. 9.

    Liu, S., Han, J., Du, H., Wang, C., Yang, Y., Yang, J., Chang, H.: High product in mechanically alloyed ThMn12-type compound with exchange coupling effect. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 312, 449–452 (2007)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Zhou, C., Sun, K., Pinkerton, F.E., Kramer, M.J.: Magnetic hardening of Ce1+xFe11-yCoyTi with ThMn12 structure by melt spinning. J. Appl. Phys. 117(17A741), 1–4 (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Suzuki, S., Kuno, T., Urushibata, K., Kobayashi, K., Sakuma, N., Washio, K., Yano, M., Kato, A., Manabe, A.: A new magnet material with ThMn12 structure: (Nd1-xZrx)11+zTi1-z Nα (α=0.6–1.3). J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 401, 259–268 (2016)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Larson, A.C., Von Dreele, R.B.: General Structure Analysis System (GSAS). Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LAUR. 86–748 (2004)

  13. 13.

    J. T. F. Varret, Unpublished Mosfit program, Universite du Maine, Le Mans, France

  14. 14.

    Salazar, D., Martín-Cid, A., Garitaonandia, J.S., Hansen, T.C., Barandiaran, J.M., Hadjipanayis, G.C.: Role of Ce substitution in the magneto-crystalline anisotropy of tetragonal ZrFe10Si2. J. Alloys Compd. 766, 291–296 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Cadogan, J.M.: Mössbauer spectroscopy and rare-earth permanent magnets. J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 29, 2246–2254 (1996)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    O’Handly, R.C.: Modern Magnetic Materials Principles and Applications, p. 492. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Coey, J.M.D., Qi, Q.: Mössbauer studies of interstitial intermetallics. Hyperfine Interact. 90, 265–284 (1994)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Williamson, D.L., Bukshpan, S., Ingalls, R.: Search for magnetic ordering in hcp iron. Phys. Rev. 6, 4194–4206 (1972)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Zhao, L.Z., Yu, H.Y., Guo, W.T., Zhang, J.S., Zhang, Z.Y., Hussain, M., Liu, Z.W., Greneche, J.M.: Phase and Hyperfine Structures of Melt-spun Nanocrystalline (Ce1−xNdx)16Fe78B6 Alloys. IEEE Trans. Magn. 53, 1–5 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

Research was sponsored by the Army Research Laboratory and was accomplished under Cooperative Agreement Number W911NF-19-2-0030. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Army Research Laboratory or the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation herein. Part of the research was also sponsored by COLCIENCIAS under Contract 110671250407, and the INAPEM project (International Network on Applications of Permanent Magnets) (project EU 691235) through Vicerrectoría de Investigaciones of the Universidad del Valle. Also, part of the research was sponsored by Universidad del Valle under Contract 71181.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Juan Sebastian Trujillo Hernandez.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

This article is part of the Topical Collection on Proceedings of the IV Escuela Colombiana de Espectroscopía Mössbauer, Ibagué, Colombia, 10-12 July 2019

Edited by Jean-Marc Grenèche, Humberto Bustos Rodriguez and Juan Sebastian Trujillo Hernandez

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sánchez, H.M., Salazar, D., Zamora, L.E. et al. Mössbauer spectroscopy in the system (Nd1-xCex)1.1Fe10CoTi with ThMn12 structure. Hyperfine Interact 241, 44 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10751-020-01716-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Nitrogenation
  • X-ray diffraction
  • ThMn12-type structure
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy