Hyperfine Interactions

, Volume 225, Issue 1–3, pp 25–49 | Cite as

Rare isotope beams at ISAC—target & ion source systems

  • Pierre G. Bricault
  • Friedhelm Ames
  • Marik Dombsky
  • Peter Kunz
  • Jens Lassen


The present status of the ISAC facility for rare isotopes beams after its first 10 years of operation is presented. Planning for the ISAC facility started in 1985 with the Parksville workshop on radioactive ion beams (Buchmann and D’Auria 1985). It was put on halt by the KAON proposal and planning was only resumed in 1993 after the cancellation of KAON. The ISAC facility was built to satisfy the scientific need for accelerated beams of rare isotopes for use in applications such as nuclear physics, nuclear astrophysics, atomic and condensed matter physics as well as medicine. At the time of the ISAC proposal submission, a number of facilities were either planned or under construction. In order to have an impact in the field, the requirements and specifications for the driver beam intensity on target was set to 100 μA, 500 MeV protons, which for ISAC results in a driver beam power of 50 kW.


Rare isotope beam Isotopic separation on-line Ion sources Targets 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Buchmann, L., D’Auria, J.M. (eds.): Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop. Parksville, BC, Canada, TRI-85-1, 5–7 Sept 1985Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kugler, E.: The ISOLDE facility at the CERN PS booster. Nucl. Inst. Methods 79(1–4), 322–325 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ferrari, A., Sala, P.R., Fasso, A., Ranft, J.: FLUKA: a multi-particle transport code. CERN-2005-10, INFN TC05 11, SLAC-R-773 (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Moritz, L.: ISAC shielding requirements specification. ISAC Safety Analysis Report, TRIUMF (1998)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Silverberg, R., Tsao, C.H.: Ap. J. Suppl. 313(25), (1973)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Silverberg, R., Tsao, C.H.: Ap. J. Suppl. 58, 873 (1985)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kugler, E.: Hyperfine Interact. 129(1–4), 23–42 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Beene, J.R., Bardayan, D.W., Galindo Uribarri, A., Nazarewicz, W., et al.: J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 38, 024002 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bricault, P., Ames, F., Labrecque, F., Lassen, J., Li, R., Dombsky, M., Mjos, A., Minor, G., Teigelhoefer, A.: Recent development of the on—line ion sources ar TRIUMF-ISAC. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(2), (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kirchner, R., Roeckl, E.: Nucl. Inst. Methods 133, 187–204 (1976)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sundell, S., Ravn, H.: Nucl. Inst. Methods Phys. Res. B 70, 160–164 (1992)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Geller, R.: In: Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Ion Sources, Saclay, p. 537 (1969)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kluge, H.-J., Ames, F., Ruster, W., Wallmeroth, K.: In: Buchmann, L., D’Auria, J. (eds.) Accelerated Radioactive Beams Workshop, 119. Parksville, BC, Canada, TRI-85-1, 5–7 Sept 1985Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dombsky, M., Baartman, R., Bricault, P., Doornbos, J., Jayamanna, K., Kuo, T., Mackenzie, G., et al.: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1170 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lassen, J., Bricault, P., Dombsky, M., Lavoie, J.P., Geppert, C., Wendt, K.: Hyperfine Interact. 162, 69–75 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Koester, U., Fedosseev, V.N., Mishin, V.I.: Spectrochim. Acta B 58(6), 1047–1068 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lavoie, J.P., Li, R., Bricault, P., Lassen, J., Chachkova, O., Teigelhoefer, A.: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(1), 013306 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Raeder, S., et al.: Hyperfine Interact. 216(1–3), 33–39 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Teigelhöfer, A., Lassen J., Abboud Z., Bricault, P., Heggen, H., Kunz, P., Li, R., Quenzel, T., Raeder, S.: Yttrium ionization scheme development for Ti:Sa laser based RILIS. Hyperfine Interact. 216(1–3), 65–70 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rothe, S., et al. Measurement of the first ionization potential of astatine by laser ionization spectroscopy. Nat. Commun. 4, 1835 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Teigelhoefer, A.: Laser resonance ionization spectroscopy of yttrium and astatine. M.Sc. thesis, Physics, University of Manitoba (2012)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Labrecque, F.: Development of radiation hard plasma sources for ISAC laboratory. PhD Thesis, Les Presses de l’Université Laval, QuébecGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jayamanna, K., et al.: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 792 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bricault, P., Jayamanna, K., Yuan, D.H.L., et al.: In: Proc. 16th Int. Workshop on ECR Ion Sources. Berkeley, California, USA, 16–20 Sept 2004Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Leroy, R., et al.: In: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Cyclotrons and their Applications. Tokyo, Japan 2004, 261 (2004)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Labrecque, F., Lecesne, N., Bricault, P.: Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 266(1920), 4407–4410 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Labrecque, F.: Development of radiation resistant plasma sources for rare isotope production. PhD thesis, Les Presses de l’Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada (2012)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Levy, C.D.P., Pearson, M.R., Morris, G.D., Chow, K.H., Hossain, M.D., Kiefl, R.F., Labbé, R., et al.: Hyperfine Interact. 196, 287–294 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ferrari, A., Sala, P.R., Fasso, A., Ranft, J.: FLUKA: a multi-particle transport code. CERN-2005-10, INFN/TC-05/11, SLAC-R-773 (2005)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bernier, N.: Study of the photoproduction of 8Li with the reaction 9Be(γ, p) 8Li. Master’s thesis, U. Laval (2013)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Van Schelt, J., Lascar, D., Savard, G., Clark, J.A., Bertone, P.F., Caldwell, S., Chaudhuri, A., Levand, A.F., Li, G.,Morgan, G.E., Orford, R., Segel, R.E., Sharma, K.S., Sternberg,M.G.: First results from the CARIBU facility: mass measurements on the r-Process path. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 061102 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lebois, M., Bricault, P.: Simulation for the future converter of the e-linac for the TRIUMF ARIEL facility. In: Proceding INPC, Vancouver (2010). J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (2011)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    SIN report, Jahresberitch. JB11-18 (1984)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rooney, M., Densham, C., Filton, M., Francis, V., Yamada, Y., Mark, C., Gallop, M.: 3rd High-Power Targetry Workshop, Paul Scherrer Institute, Sept. 10–14. Bad Zurzach, Switzerland (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre G. Bricault
    • 1
  • Friedhelm Ames
    • 1
  • Marik Dombsky
    • 1
  • Peter Kunz
    • 1
  • Jens Lassen
    • 1
  1. 1.Accelerator Technology DivisionTRIUMFVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations