Hyperfine Interactions

, Volume 166, Issue 1–4, pp 625–630 | Cite as

Iron-containing atmospheric aerosols in the Chernobyl fallout

  • V. Rusanov
  • V. Gushterov
  • H. Winkler
  • A. X. Trautwein


Mössbauer spectroscopy was applied to determine the composition and the iron concentration in the atmospheric aerosols contaminated in Sofia, Bulgaria after the Chernobyl accident. The results confirm the major conclusion of the Kopcewiczs for Poland, i.e. that in the initial filters, collected during the contaminating fallout (30.04–05.05.1986), the iron concentration was highest, 3.69 μg/m3 and that magnetite Fe3O4 was present. For the following days a change in the chemical composition including the presence of α-Fe2O3, α-FeOOH and γ-FeOOH as well as the absence of magnetite, was detected. Input of industrial iron contamination was negligible since the nearby steel plant had worked at minimum power due to official holidays. Unfortunately, Mössbauer spectroscopy studies only, do not allow a definite conclusion about an increase of the isotope abundance of 57Fe in the Chernobyl fallout.

Key words

Chernobyl accident atmospheric aerosols iron-containing compounds 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Rusanov
    • 1
  • V. Gushterov
    • 1
  • H. Winkler
    • 2
  • A. X. Trautwein
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Physics, Department of Atomic PhysicsUniversity of SofiaSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Institut für PhysikUniversität zu LübeckLübeckGermany

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