Mössbauer and X-Ray Diffraction Investigations of a Series of B-Doped Ferrihydrites
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X-ray diffraction and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy are used to characterize the influence of borate on two-line ferrihydrite's structure and develop likely models for its attachment. Particle sizes were in the 2–4 nm range, and as borate sorption increased, the ferrihydrite particle size decreased. The d-spacings of two-line ferrihydrite increased with increased borate adsorption. Isomer shift and quadrupole splitting exhibit slight increasing trends as well. Also, the phase transformation temperature of ferrihydrite to hematite is significantly raised due to borate coating of the surface. We suggest borate is sorbed onto the surface by attachment to the oxygen corners of the iron octahedra that are on the surface of the nanoparticles, placing boron in a tetrahedral molecular geometry.
Key Wordsborate ferrihydrite Mössbauer spectroscopy nanoparticles powder X-ray diffraction
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