Hydrobiologia

, Volume 810, Issue 1, pp 433–448 | Cite as

Influence of the flood pulse on reproduction and growth of Anodontites trapesialis (Lamarck, 1819) (Bivalvia: Mycetopodidae) in the Pantanal wetland, Brazil

  • Cláudia T. Callil
  • Marilene C. S. Leite
  • Lúcia A. F. Mateus
  • Jess W. Jones
FRESHWATER BIVALVES

Abstract

Determining how, when, and why energy allocation occurs based on different life history traits, provides core knowledge for understanding evolution, ecology, and conservation of populations. We assumed that, in seasonal environments, Anodontites trapesialis, a common freshwater mussel in the Pantanal wetland, has to time its maturation, its larvae incubation time, and adjusts its breeding strategy seasonally. From histological analyses of gametes, larval count, and marginal increment of the shell rings, we present information about phenology and growth strategies to investigate the influence of environment and reproductive period on growth. We determined for the first time, asymptotic maximum size and longevity for this mussel. This species is a functional hermaphrodite, with maturation and spawning starting at the end of the flood period, when the water begins to recede and fishes return to the main river channel. The larvae, lasidium in this case, disperse on host fishes at this time. As we predicted, the flood pulse is the main regulatory factor to the growth patterns and reproductive period establishment. The species’ life history traits are discussed in the context of life history theory as adaptive responses to the dynamic balance imposed by the seasonality of the Pantanal.

Keywords

Freshwater mussel Reproduction Life history tradeoff Conservation Wetland Seasonal flood pulse Pantanal Brazil 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to CNPq Process No. 246223/2012-0 for the support provided during the post-doctoral and sabbatical period of C. Callil. Our thanks are also directed to the Institute of Biosciences and to the Graduate Program in Water Resources of UFMT for the financial support and logistics. We also are indebted to Manuel Lopes Lima, who invited and encouraged us to present these results at the II International Meeting of Biology and Freshwater Conservation of Bivalves, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A. Our many thanks to Professor Felipe Franco Curcio, from PPG of Zoology - UFMT, who reviewed the manuscript and made suggestions to improve it. The views expressed in this article are of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the United States Fish and Wildlife.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cláudia T. Callil
    • 1
  • Marilene C. S. Leite
    • 2
  • Lúcia A. F. Mateus
    • 3
  • Jess W. Jones
    • 4
  1. 1.EcoBiv – Ecology and Conservation of Freshwater Mussel Group, Departamento de Biologia e ZoologiaInstituto de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Botânica e Ecologia, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-graduação em Ecologia e Conservação da Biodiversidade, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  4. 4.U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Fish and Wildlife ConservationVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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