Ancyrocephalidae (Monogenea) of Lake Tanganyika: IV: Cichlidogyrus parasitizing species of Bathybatini (Teleostei, Cichlidae): reduced host-specificity in the deepwater realm?

Abstract

Lake Tanganyika’s biodiversity and endemicity sparked considerable scientific interest. Its monogeneans, minute parasitic flatworms, have received renewed attention. Their host-specificity and simple life cycle render them ideal for parasite speciation research. Because of the wide ecological and phylogenetic range of its cichlids, Lake Tanganyika is a “natural experiment” to contrast factors influencing monogenean speciation. Three representatives of Bathybatini (Bathybates minor, B. fasciatus, B. vittatus), endemic predatory non-littoral cichlids, host a single dactylogyridean monogenean species. It is new to science and described as Cichlidogyrus casuarinus sp. nov. This species and C. nshomboi and C. centesimus, from which it differs by the distal end of the accessory piece of the male apparatus and the length of its heel, are the only Cichlidogyrus species with spirally coiled thickening of the penis wall. In Cichlidogyrus, this feature was only found in parasites of endemic Tanganyika tribes. The seemingly species-poor Cichlidogyrus community of Bathybatini may be attributed to meagre host isolation in open water. The new species infects cichlids that substantially differ phylogenetically and ecologically. This may be an adaptation to low host availability. Cichlidogyrus species infecting African Great Lake cichlids are summarized and proposed as model for the influence of host ecology on disease transmission.

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Acknowledgements

The Schreyen-Brichard family and the technical staff of Fishes of Burundi, as well as Constantin Amundala Shekani, Radim Blažek, Gaspard Caporal Banyankimbona, Milan Gelnar, Céline Gillardin, Tine Huyse, Vercus Lumami Kapepula, Šárka Mašová, Joseph Mbirize Ndalozibwa, Axel Meyer, Veronika Michálková, Venant Muderhwa Nshombo, Théophile Mulimbwa N’sibula, Iva Přikrylová, Joost A.M. Raeymaekers, Martin Reichard, Andrea Šimková, Jos Snoeks, Christian Sturmbauer and Filip A.M. Volckaert are gratefully acknowledged for their help regarding the fieldwork. Our work on the Cichlidogyrus fauna of Bathybatini continues after this study; thanks to Nikol Kmentová for that. Special thanks goes to Donatien Muzumani Risasi for host identification, and to Stephan Koblmüller and Eva Řehulková for insightful discussions and for advice in preparing the manuscript. Sampling in 2010 was supported by a travel grant from the Research Foundation—Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen) to M.P.M.V. and from the King Leopold III Fund for Nature Exploration and Conservation to M.V.S. M.V.S. and M.P.M.V. received a PhD fellowship of the Research Foundation—Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen). M.P.M.V. is funded by the Czech Science Foundation, Project no. P505/12/G112 (European Centre of Ichthyoparasitology (ECIP)—Centre of excellence). This is publication ISE-M 2014-101-S. The editors and anonymous referees are acknowledged for their constructive comments.

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Correspondence to Maarten P. M. Vanhove.

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Guest editors: S. Koblmüller, R. C. Albertson, M. J. Genner, K. M. Sefc & T. Takahashi / Advances in Cichlid Research: Behavior, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

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Pariselle, A., Muterezi Bukinga, F., Van Steenberge, M. et al. Ancyrocephalidae (Monogenea) of Lake Tanganyika: IV: Cichlidogyrus parasitizing species of Bathybatini (Teleostei, Cichlidae): reduced host-specificity in the deepwater realm?. Hydrobiologia 748, 99–119 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-014-1975-5

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Keywords

  • Bathybates
  • Hemibates
  • Perciformes
  • Platyhelminthes
  • Dactylogyridea
  • Host range