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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 721, Issue 1, pp 57–66 | Cite as

Effect of habitat conditions on parasite infection in 0+ juvenile perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) in two Czech reservoirs

  • Kateřina Francová
  • Markéta Ondračková
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify potential effects of habitat conditions on parasite infection risk in reservoirs. For this, we compared parasite infection in 0+ perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) between reservoir sections: (1) along the longitudinal profile of Brno reservoir (inflow—main body—outflow), and (2) the transversal profile of Hamry reservoir (littoral and pelagic zones). Perch were predominantly infected with trophically transmitted endoparasites. Longitudinal parasite infection differed between sampling sections, showing different trends in particular parasite species between sections. The abundance of dominant Bunodera luciopercae was highest in the main body and lowest in the outflow, abundance of Proteocephalus sp. and Camallanus spp. decreased between the inflow and outflow, and abundance of Acanthocephalus lucii and ectoparasites (Gyrodactylus sp. and Argulus foliaceus) increased from the inflow to the outflow. Parasite diversity was higher in the outflow compared to other sections. No difference was observed in parasite abundance between littoral and pelagic perch subpopulations, though higher endoparasite diversity was found in the littoral zone. The results indicate that habitat type can influence parasite infection in perch through local food (intermediate host) availability. Fish–host behaviour is also discussed as a factor possibly influencing infection in perch.

Keywords

Parasite Intermediate host Food availability Habitat conditions Lentic Littoral 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was financially supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, No. P505/12/G112. We would like to thank the officials and managers of the Moravian Anglers’ Union (Brno) and the Elbe River Basin Authority (Hamry) for fish sampling permission; our colleagues from the Department of Fish Ecology at the Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, for assistance with field sampling, and our colleagues from the Parasitology Research Group of the Department of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University, for help with parasitological dissection of the fish. We would also like to thank Kevin Roche for English correction.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of ScienceMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Vertebrate BiologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicBrnoCzech Republic

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