, Volume 696, Issue 1, pp 123–136 | Cite as

On the way to overcome some ecological riddles of forested headwaters

  • Liliana García
  • Isabel Pardo
Primary Research Paper


Life cycles of many detritivores are synchronized to the autumnal input of leaf material in temperate forested headwaters, though some conditions that occur at this season does not seem the most appropriate for an optimal development and growth of individuals. We hypothesized that spring–summer conditions characterized by high temperature and low discharge would support larger numbers of invertebrate individuals inhabiting leaf packs, mostly shredders, and thus larger productivity values. We estimated the production of a dominant detritivore, the chironomid Brillia bifida (Kieffer, 1909), on habitats that represent their specific resource (i.e., leaf packs with different quality) on a seasonal basis that accounted for the high variability of these ecosystems. Our results showed that shredders dominated in numbers (45.8%) during late spring, with B. bifida individuals representing up to 91.7%, mostly on deciduous leaves such as alder, although the individual body size was higher in autumn–winter than in late spring. A laboratory experiment was conducted to complement our field results, and to test only the effects of water temperature and food quality on the development and growth of B. bifida. Our laboratory experiment confirmed the importance of temperature and food quality as main controls on growth–developmental parameters. These controls could strongly affect the ecological strategy of reproduction and colonization of this key detritivore, and ultimately its secondary production.


Body size Brillia bifida Growth rates Headwaters Leaf packs Secondary production Shredders 



We are very grateful to John S. Richardson and two anonymous referees, who provided useful comments that contributed to improve this manuscript. This study has been supported by the research project XUGA29106A96 of Xunta de Galicia.

Supplementary material

10750_2012_1188_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (78 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 78 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ecología y Biología Animal, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de VigoVigoSpain

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