, Volume 677, Issue 1, pp 3–14 | Cite as

Jurassic submarine troglobites: is there any link to the recent submarine cave fauna?



Recent submarine caves are inhabited by endemic faunas adapted to oligotrophism, darkness and a tranquil environment. Many of their representatives are archaic types of animals resembling fossils from very early times in evolution. This article compares fossil fauna from Jurassic neptunian dykes (originally sea bed clefts) from the Western Carpathians with the Recent cave-dwelling fauna. The ostracods Pokornyopsis feifeli are particularly important. In the Western Carpathians, these were exclusively found in the Middle/Late Jurassic fissure fillings, but in the non-Tethyan Germanic Jurassic this species was found in deep-marine claystones. They are phylogenetic forerunners of the recent genus Danielopolina inhabiting both anchialine caves and deep seas. This indicates a Jurassic migration of deep-marine fauna to cryptic habitats. Other examples of cryptic communities include the Upper Jurassic cavity-dwelling fauna dominated by serpulids and scleractinian corals. Associated suspension feeders include thecideidine brachiopods, oysters, bryozoans, sponges, crinoids and sessile foraminifers. Serpulid-dominated bioconstructions have recent analogies in the Mediterranean and Carribean seas. Different type of dyke communities represent the Late Jurassic fauna of small sized ammonites which originated from both Tethyan and Boreal paleobioprovinces. It has not been established whether these amonites were juvenile, dwarfed specimens adapted to limited cave space or size-sorted adult specimens.


Jurassic Cryptic habitat Neptunian dykes Ostracods Serpulids Ammonites 



The authors wish to express their thanks to Dr. Mariusz Salamon of the Silesian University in Poland, and to an anonymous reviewer for both the review and useful comments. The language correction and the many useful comments by Dr. Bill Humphreys from the Western Australian Museum and by Dr. Ray Marshall (Sydney, Australia) are also acknowledged. This research was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under contracts No. APVV-0248-07, APVV-0280-07 and APVV-0465-06 and by VEGA Agency grant No. 2/0068/08.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geology and PaleontologyFaculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Geophysical InstituteSlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia

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