, Volume 662, Issue 1, pp 163–170 | Cite as

Fire and recovery of resting egg bank: an experimental study in paddy fields in Pathum Thani province, Thailand



The effects of straw burning, exposure conditions and exposure durations on the diversity of zooplankton resting eggs were examined by hatching resting eggs in sediment collected from rice fields in Pathum Thani province, Thailand. Well-mixed surface sediment samples from with- and without straw burning paddies were stored under three conditions, (4°C and darkness; 28–40°C and darkness; and 28–40°C and light), for different periods of time (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 months). Thirty zooplankton species were identified from hatching experiments. Of these, 25 species were Rotifera, 3 were Cladocera, 1 was Ostracoda and 1 was Copepoda. Repeated Measurement analysis showed that straw burning significantly decreased the number of zooplankton species, the zooplankton abundance and zooplankton diversity (P = 0.000, 0.019 and 0.004, respectively). A significant effect of storage conditions on the number of species was also present (P = 0.016), whereas zooplankton abundance and zooplankton diversity were not affected (P = 0.583 and 0.180). In addition, exposure time had an effect on number of zooplankton species and diversity (P = 0.001 and 0.033) but not on zooplankton abundance (P = 0.676). The traditional practice of residue burning post harvest therefore has a substantially negative effect on zooplankton biodiversity.


Zooplankton Diversity Rice fields Resting eggs Hatching experiment 



This work was supported by basic research funding of Thammasat University. I would like to thank Assoc. Prof. Kamol Budsaba for his valuable advices in statistical analysis, Dr. Hendrik Segers for all valuable comment and Mananya and Janthida for sample collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and TechnologyThammasat UniversityPathum ThaniThailand

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