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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 652, Issue 1, pp 311–328 | Cite as

Eryngium (Apiaceae) phytotelmata and their macro-invertebrate communities, including a review and bibliography

  • Raúl E. Campos
Primary research paper

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine how phytotelm communities differ in four Eryngium sp. of different morphologies. Macro-invertebrate communities from 320 individual plants of Eryngium horridum, E. stenophyllum, E. serra, and E. elegans were sampled in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. The morphology and structure of each Eryngium specimen, and water volume and debris in their phytotelmata, were measured. Morphology indicated that E. elegans and E. serra are closely related and differ from E. horridum and E. stenophyllum. The latter two species are markedly different from E. stenophyllum, the biggest of the four. The communities differed among these Eryngium species, but a large number of generalist macro-invertebrates use all four phytotelmata. Canonical correlation analysis showed that diptera are inhabitants in E. horridum, and micro-crustaceans in E. serra and E. elgans. By contrast, no specific taxa were grouped in E. stenophyllum. Results of inter-specific association (C 8 coefficient) show that species of Culicidae and Chironomidae are highly positive associations in E. horridum, by contrast with the negative association observed in E. stenophyllum. Culex renatoi (Culicidae) and Polypedilum sp. (Chironomidae) were highly likely to co-occur in the same plant of E. serra, but not with Metriocnemus eryngiotelmatus (Chironomidae). Larsia sp. (Chironomidae) was the species better associated with the other macro-invertebrates in E. elegans. The food web was constructed from Eryngium phytotelmata. This study includes an updated list of known aquatic and semi-aquatic invertebrates reported from Eryngium phytotelmata, and their bibliography.

Keywords

Eryngium Phytotelmata Arthropod association Biodiversity Food chains 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I thank Dr. Victoria Sy for her help in field work, and the following Drs. for taxonomic determination of specimens: Susana Martínez (Apiaceae) (Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires); Andrea Dipollito (Copepoda); Analía Paggi, and Augusto Siri (Chironomidae) (ILPLA, UNLP); Liliana Fernández (Coleoptera); Analía Díaz (Ostracoda); Gustavo Spinelli and Florentina Díaz (Ceratopogonidae) (Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de La Plata); Mercedes Lizarralde de Grosso (Aulacigastridae) (Instituto Superior de Entomología “Dr Abraham Willink”, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán). I also thank Philip Lounibos (Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, USA) and Motoyoshi Mogi (Saga University, Japan) for critical review, and Monica Caviglia for English review. I want to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their suggestions. This research was supported by Grant no. 5924 from Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina. This is a contribution of the Instituto de Limnología Journal Serie No. 876.

Supplementary material

10750_2010_364_MOESM1_ESM.doc (180 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 180 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”, Universidad Nacional de La Plata-CONICETLa PlataArgentina

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