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Hydrobiologia

, 612:241 | Cite as

Distribution of swordfish in the eastern Mediterranean, in relation to environmental factors and the species biology

  • George Tserpes
  • Panagiota Peristeraki
  • Vasilis D. Valavanis
FISH HABITAT MAPPING

Abstract

Swordfish catch per unit effort (CPUE) data from the Greek commercial fisheries operating in the eastern Mediterranean have been modeled on a seasonal basis as functions of environmental spatial, and temporal variables, including Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a), Mean Sea Level Anomaly (MSLA), Latitude, Longitude and Year. All variables were highly significant but most of the CPUE variation was explained by the spatial factors. Model predictions were used to generate swordfish density distributions maps, which revealed that swordfish migrates toward the eastern Levantine for spawning and suggested the existence of a major spawning ground in a region between the islands of Cyprus and Rhodes surrounded by persistent eddies and the Rhodes gyre. During periods other than the time of spawning migration, swordfish distribution is much broader with relatively higher concentrations occurring in areas with important prey potential.

Keywords

Swordfish Mediterranean Environmental parameters Migration Reproduction Distribution 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank Drs. John Neilson (St. Andrews Biological Station, Canada) and Jaime Mejuto (IEO, Spain) for providing helpful comments that greatly improved the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Tserpes
    • 1
  • Panagiota Peristeraki
    • 1
  • Vasilis D. Valavanis
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Marine Biological Resources, Hellenic Centre for Marine ResearchHeraklionGreece
  2. 2.Marine GIS Laboratory, Institute of Marine Biological Resources, Hellenic Centre for Marine ResearchHeraklionGreece

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