, 591:1 | Cite as

Resilience and restoration of soft-bottom near-shore ecosystems

  • Frank van Langevelde
  • Herbert Prins
Soft-Bottom Near-Shore Ecosystems

Throughout the world, intertidal near-shore ecosystems are largely threatened by human impacts (Naylor et al., 1998; Jackson et al., 2001). Mangrove forests and seagrass meadows are major vegetation types of these ecosystems (Hogart, 1999; Hemming & Duarte, 2000). These mangrove forests and seagrass meadows constitute dominant plant communities in these ecosystems and play a crucial role in the coastal environment. Generally, both mangrove forests and seagrass meadows are characterised by high biomass production (Riley & Kent, 1999; Green & Short, 2003), and they are widely recognized as key ecosystems in temperate and tropical near-shore ecosystems (Valiela, 1987; Hogart, 1999; Hemminga & Duarte, 2000). Intertidal near-shore ecosystems with mangrove and seagrass cover are important for biodiversity (De Iongh et al., 2007), they help to stabilize sediments (De Boer, 2007), provide nursery habitats for fish (Pollard, 1984; Nuraini et al., 2007), contribute to the primary production,...


Mangrove Forest Seagrass Meadow Shrimp Farm Shrimp Pond Alternate Stable State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) for organising the Open Science Meeting held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia on September 27–29, 2005. We are grateful to Jelle Ferwerda and Hans de Iongh for helping us to edit this special issue.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Resource Ecology GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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