Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 570, Issue 1, pp 153–158 | Cite as

A new method to assess water trophy and organic pollution – the Macrophyte Biological Index for Rivers (IBMR): its application to different types of river and pollution

  • J. Haury
  • M. -C. Peltre
  • M. Trémolières
  • J. Barbe
  • G. Thiébaut
  • I. Bernez
  • H. Daniel
  • P. Chatenet
  • G. Haan-Archipof
  • S. Muller
  • A. Dutartre
  • C. Laplace-Treyture
  • A. Cazaubon
  • E. Lambert-Servien
Article

Abstract

The paper presents a new index for assessing water trophy and organic pollution. It is based on only true aquatic macrophytes – being calculated on species score, coefficient of ecological amplitude and degree of cover. The method was tested in an acidic lowland river and an alkaline mountain river, and is shown to be validated by bio-indication scales based on macrophyte communities. The practical interest is discussed regarding the Water Framework Directive.

Keywords

macrophyte index water quality eutrophication methodology rivers 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Supplementary material

supp.doc (102 kb)
Supplementary material

References

  1. Ali, M. M., Murphy, K. J., Abernethy, V. J. 1999Macrophyte functional variables versus species assemblages as predictors of trophic satus in flowing watersHydrobiologia415131138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bernez, I., Daniel, H., Haury, J. 2001Etude des variations des communautés végétales aquatiques sous l’effet des perturbations anthropiques en rivière réguléeBulletin françars de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture357/358169189Google Scholar
  3. Carbiener, R., Trémolières, M., Mercier, J. L., Orstcheit, T. A. 1990Aquatic macrophyte communities as bioindicators of eutrophication in calcareous oligosaprobe stream waters (Upper Rhine plain, Alsace)Vegetatio867188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dawson, F. H., J. R. Newman, M. J. Gravelle, K. J. Rouen & P. Henville, 1999. Assessment of the trophic status of rivers using macrophytes. Evaluation of the Mean Trophic Rank. Research & Development, Technical Report E39. Environment Agency, Bristol, 177 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Dutartre, A., Haury, J., Jigorel, A. 1999Integrated management of Egeria densa in a drinking water reservoir in Morbihan (France)Hydrobiologia415243247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grasmück, N., Haury, J., Léglize, L., Muller, S. 1995Assessment of the bioindicator capacity of aquatic macrophytes using multivariate analysisHydrobiologia300–301115122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Haslam, S. M., 1987. River plants of Western Europe. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 512 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Haury, J., Dutartre, A., Binesse, F., Codhant, H., Valkman, G. 2001Macrophyte biotypologies of rivers in Lozère, FranceVerhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie2735103517Google Scholar
  9. Haury, J., M. C. Peltre, S. Muller, M. Trémolières, J. Barbe, A. Dutartre & M. Guerlesquin, 1996. Des indices macrophytiques pour estimer la qualité des cours d’eau français: premières propositions. 27:79–90Google Scholar
  10. Haury, J., M. C. Peltre, S. Muller, G. Thiébaut, M. Trémolières, B. Demars, J. Barbe, A. Dutartre, M. Guerlesquin & E. Lambert, 2000. Les macrophytes aquatiques bioindicateurs des systèmes lotiques – Intérêts et limites des indices macrophytiques. Synthèse bibliographique des principales approches européennes pour le diagnostic biologique des cours d’eau. UMR INRA-ENSA EQHC Rennes & Phytoécologie Univ. Metz. Agence de l’Eau Artois-Picardie, Etudes sur l’Eau en France n°87, Min. Ecologie Dév. Durable, 101 pp. + annGoogle Scholar
  11. Holmes, N. T. H., J. R. Newman, J. R. Chadd, K. J. Rouen, L. Saint & F. H. Dawson, 1999. Mean Trophic Rank: a user’s manual. Research & Development, Technical Report E38. Environment Agency, Bristol, 134 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Husák, S., Sládecek, V., Sládecková, A. 1989Freshwater macrophytes as indicators of organic pollutionActa Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica17693697Google Scholar
  13. Kohler, A. & G. A. Janauer, 1995. Zur Methodik der Untersuchung von aquatischen Makrophyten in Flieβgewässern. In Steinberg, Ch., H. Bernhardt & H. Klapper (eds), Handbuch Angewandte Limnologie, Ecomed-Verlag, VIII, 1.1.3.: 1–22Google Scholar
  14. Muller, S., 1990. Une séquence de groupements végétaux bioindicateurs d’eutrophisation croissante des cours d’eau faiblement minéralisés des Basses Vosges gréseuses du Nord. CR. Acad Sci., Ser III Vie 310: 509–514Google Scholar
  15. Newbold, C., Holmes, N. T. H. 1987Nature conservation: water quality criteria and plants as water quality monitorsWater Pollution Control86345364Google Scholar
  16. Robach, F., Thiébaut, G., Trémolières, M., Muller, S. 1996A reference system for continental running waters: plant communities as bioindicators of increasing eutrophication in alkaline and acidic water in north–east FranceHydrobiologia3406776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Schneider, S., 2000. Entwicklung eines Macrophytenindex zur Trophieindikation in Fliessgewässern. Ph.D. Thesis, Biology, München, Shaker-Verlag, Aachen, 182 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. Trémolières, M., Carbiener, R., Orscheit, A., Klein, J. P. 1994Changes in aquatic vegetation in Rhine floodplain streams in Alsace in relation to disturbanceJournal of Vegetation Science5169178CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Haury
    • 1
  • M. -C. Peltre
    • 2
  • M. Trémolières
    • 3
  • J. Barbe
    • 4
  • G. Thiébaut
    • 2
  • I. Bernez
    • 1
    • 5
  • H. Daniel
    • 6
  • P. Chatenet
    • 7
  • G. Haan-Archipof
    • 3
  • S. Muller
    • 2
  • A. Dutartre
    • 8
  • C. Laplace-Treyture
    • 8
  • A. Cazaubon
    • 9
  • E. Lambert-Servien
    • 10
  1. 1.Agrocampus Rennes, UMR INRA – Agrocampus Ecobiologie et Qualité des Hydrosystèmes continentauxRennes cedexFrance
  2. 2.Université de Metz – UFR SciFA PhytoécologieMetz cedex 01France
  3. 3.Univ. Louis Pasteur, CEVH, Institut de BotaniqueStrasbourg cedexFrance
  4. 4.Cemagref, Biologie des Ecosystèmes AquatiquesLyon cedex 09France
  5. 5.Forestry Dpt – Inst. Sup. de AgronomiaUniv. Tech. LisboaLisboa CodexPortugal
  6. 6.Institut National d’HorticultureUMR SAGAH INH/INRA/Univ. AngersAngers Cedex 01France
  7. 7.Pharmacie Botanique et CryptogamieUniv. de LimogesLimoges CedexFrance
  8. 8.Cemagref, Qualité des EauxCestasFrance
  9. 9.Univ. d’Aix-Marseille 3, Ecologie des Eaux Continentales MéditerranéennesMarseille Cedex 20France
  10. 10.Univ. Cath. OuestAngers Cedex 01France

Personalised recommendations