, Volume 551, Issue 1, pp 99–117 | Cite as

Distribution of Hepatotoxic Cyanobacterial Blooms in Belgium and Luxembourg

  • Raphaël Willame
  • Tomasz Jurczak
  • Jean-François Iffly
  • Tomas Kull
  • Jussi Meriluoto
  • Lucien Hoffmann


A survey of the distribution of cyanobacterial blooms in the southern part of Belgium, in Luxembourg as well as in bordering northeastern France was carried out for 4 years (1997, 1999–2001). In the 64 cyanobacterial bloom samples collected, Microcystis as well as Planktothrix were the most frequently encountered dominant bloom formers, followed by Anabaena, Woronichinia, and Aphanizomenon. The relative frequency of (co-)dominant genera was highly correlated to the geology of the catchments. Microcystins were found in 53% of the analysed blooms and their presence was mainly assigned to Microcystis dominance. The highest microcystin concentration of 2231 μg g−1 seston DW was recorded in a sample dominated by Woronichinia naegeliana. Among the 6 investigated microcystin variants, MC-LR was the most frequently detected whereas MC-LY was never revealed.

Key words

cyanobacteria blooms microcystins ecology Belgium Luxembourg 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raphaël Willame
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tomasz Jurczak
    • 3
  • Jean-François Iffly
    • 1
  • Tomas Kull
    • 4
  • Jussi Meriluoto
    • 4
  • Lucien Hoffmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Public Research Center-Gabriel LippmannEnvironment and Biotechnologies Research Unit (CREBS)BelvauxGrand-Duchy of Luxembourg
  2. 2.Department of Life Sciences, Plant Biodiversity (Algology and Mycology)University of LiègeLiègeBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Applied EcologyUniversity of LodzLodzPoland
  4. 4.Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacy, BiocityÅbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland

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