Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 543, Issue 1, pp 191–198 | Cite as

River channelization effects on fish population structure in the Larraun river (Northern Spain)

  • Javier Oscoz
  • Pedro M. Leunda
  • Rafael Miranda
  • Cristina García-Fresca
  • Francisco Campos
  • Ma Carmen Escala
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

As a consequence of the construction of the A-15 highway between 1991 and 1995, some modifications affecting the Larraun River (Navarra, North of Spain) were made. One of the most important effects was the channelization of a section of the river in the middle zone. Fish were caught by electrofishing in August of 1996 in the channelized reach, as well as in non-modified stretches upstream and downstream. Physical and chemical variables and shelter availability were also analyzed. The captured fish were measured (total length) and released into the river. We calculated the density, biomass, length distribution and diversity, comparing the obtained results from the different stretches. The number of species was higher in the lower zones of the river and diversity increased progressively downstream. The fish density in the channelized section was slightly lower than in the other two points. Also biomass in the channelized section was about a factor of 10 smaller than the calculated biomass in unaltered points. Moreover, in comparison with the unaltered sections of the river, in the channelized area a major decrease in the presence of fish larger than 150 mm was detected. The low shelter availability in the channelized section, lack of bank vegetation and alterations in the substratum could explain the observed variations in the length distribution, biomass and the lower value of the density of European minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758).

Keywords

river alteration channelization fish population density biomass length classes 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Boxal, A. B. A., Maltby, L. 1997The effects of motorway runoff on freshwater ecosystems: 3. Toxicant confirmationArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology33916CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Collares-Pereira, M. J., Magalhaes, M. F., Geraldes, A. M., Coelho, M. M. 1995Riparian ecotones and spatial variation of fish assemblages in Portuguese lowland streamsHydrobiologia30393101Google Scholar
  3. Copp, G. H., Bennetts, T. A. 1996Short-term effects of removing riparian and instream cover on barbel (Barbus barbus) and other fish populations in a stretch of English chalk streamFolia Zoologica45283288Google Scholar
  4. Cunjak, R. A. 1996Winter habitat of selected stream fishes and potential impacts from land-use activityCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences53267282Google Scholar
  5. Eklov, A. G., Greenberg, L. A., Kristiansen, H. 1994The effect of depth on the interaction between perch (Perca fluviatilis) and minnow (Phoxinus phoxinus)Ecology of Freshwater Fish318Google Scholar
  6. Fausch, K. D., Bramblett, R. G. 1991Disturbance and fish communities in intermitent tributaries of a western Great Plains riverCopeia1991659674Google Scholar
  7. Fausch, K. D., Northcote, T. G. 1992Large woody debris and salmonid habitat in a small coastal British Columbia streamCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences49682693Google Scholar
  8. García De Jalón, D., Mayo, M., Hervella, F., Mingo, A. 1994. Estudio de las poblaciones trucheras de los ríos Tajo, Gallo, Hoz Seca y Cabrillas. Servicio Provincial de Montes, Caza y Pesca de Guadalajara. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha.Google Scholar
  9. García De Jalón D. & G. Schmidt, 1995. Manual práctico para la gestión sostenible de la pesca fluvial. Ed. AEMS.Google Scholar
  10. Heggenes, J. 1988Physical habitat selection by brown trout (Salmo trutta) in riverine systemsNordic Journal of Freshwater Research647490Google Scholar
  11. Huet, M. 1949Aperçu des relations entre la pente et les populations piscicoles des eaux courantesSchweizerische Zeitschrift für Hydrologie11333351Google Scholar
  12. Jones, E. B. D., Helfman, G. S., Harper, J. O., Bolstad, P. V. 1999Effects of riparian forest removal on fish assemblages in Southern Appalachian streamsConservation Biology1314541465Google Scholar
  13. Jungwirth, M., Muhar, S., Schmutz, S. 1995The effects of recreated instream and ecotone structures on the fish fauna of an epipotamal riverHydrobiologia303195206Google Scholar
  14. Jurajda, P. 1995Effect of channelization and regulation on fish recruitment in a flood plain riverRegulated Rivers: Research & Management10207215Google Scholar
  15. Kennedy, G. J. A., Cragg-Hine, D., Strange, C. D., Stewart, D. A. 1983The effects of a land drainage scheme on the salmonid populations of the river Camowen, CoTyrone. Fisheries Management14116Google Scholar
  16. Kennedy, G. J. A., Strange, C. D. 1982The distribution of salmonids in upland streams in relation to depth and gradientJournal of Fish Biology20579591Google Scholar
  17. Lelek, A., 1974. Towards a method of evaluation of fish populations in streams based on successive fish removals. Proceedings Aviemore Symposium, FAO. EIFAC/74/Symp-38: 2–8.Google Scholar
  18. Lobón-Cerviá, J. 1991Dinámica de poblaciones de peces en ríosMuseo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSICMadridGoogle Scholar
  19. Lusk, S., Halacka, K. 1995The river bottom and fish populations in stream. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae BrunensisBiologia9195100Google Scholar
  20. Lyons J. 1992. Using the index of biotic integrity to measure environmental quality in warmwater streams of Wisconsin. General Technical Report NC-149. U.S. Dept. Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experimental Station.Google Scholar
  21. Mackenzie, A. R., Greenberg, L. 1998The influence of instream cover and predation risk on macrohabitat selection of stone loach Barbatula barbatula (L.)Ecology of Freshwater Fish78794Google Scholar
  22. Mann, R. H. K. 1988Fish and fisheries of regulated rivers in␣the UKRegulated Rivers: Research & Management2411424Google Scholar
  23. Mastrorillo, S., Dauba, F., Beland, A. 1996Microhabitat use by minnow, gudgeon and stone loach in three rivers in Southwestern FranceAnnales de Limnologie32185195Google Scholar
  24. Miranda, R., Campos, F., García-Fresca, C., Oscoz, J., Escala, M. C., Lekuona, J. M. 1999Distribución de sexos del piscardo (Phoxinus phoxinus) durante la época reproductora en un río del norte de EspañaEcologia13303309Google Scholar
  25. Oscoz J., F. Campos, & M.C. Escala, in Press. Weight–length relationships of some fish species of the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Applied Ichthyology.Google Scholar
  26. Paller, M. H. 2002Temporal variability in fish assemblages from disturbed and undisturbed streamsJournal of Aquatic Ecosystems Stress and Recovery9149158Google Scholar
  27. Penczak, T. 1995Effects of removal and regeneration of bankside vegetation on fish populations dynamics in the Warta River, PolandHydrobiologia303207210Google Scholar
  28. Penczak, T., Gomes, L. G. 2000Impact of engineering on fish diversity and community structure in the Gwda river basin, north PolandPolskie Archiwum Hydrobiologia47131141Google Scholar
  29. Platts, W. S., Megahan, W. F., Minshall, G. 1983Methods for evaluating stream, riparian and biotic conditionsIntermountain Forest and Range Experiment StationOdgen, USAGeneral Technical Report INT-138Google Scholar
  30. Platts, W. S., Nelson, R. L. 1989Stream canopy and its relationship to salmonid biomass in the intermountain westNorth-American Journal of Fisheries Management9446457Google Scholar
  31. Poudevigne, I., Alard, D., Leuven, R. S. E. W., Nienhuis, P. H. 2002A systems approach to river restoration: a case study in the lower Seine valley, FranceRiver Research and Applications18239247Google Scholar
  32. Raat, A. J. P. 2001Ecological rehabilitation on the Dutch part of the river Rhine with special attention to the fishRegulated Rivers: Research & Management17131144Google Scholar
  33. Saínz de los Terreros M. 2002. Estudio de los efectos de los dragados y canalizaciones en los macroinvertebrados bentónicos y en los peces en río navarros. Ph.D. Thesis, Polytechnic University of Madrid.Google Scholar
  34. Schlosser, I. J. 1982Trophic structure, reproductive success, and growth rate of fishes in a natural and modified headwater streamCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences39968978Google Scholar
  35. Schlosser, I. J. 1991Stream fish ecology: a landscape perspectiveBioScience41704712Google Scholar
  36. Seber, G. A. F., LeCren, E. D. 1967Estimating population parameters from catches large relative to the populationJournal of Animal Ecology36631643Google Scholar
  37. Shields, F. D., Knight, S. S., Cooper, C. M. 1998Rehabilitation of aquatic habitats in warmwater streams damaged by channel incision in MississippiHydrobiologia3826386Google Scholar
  38. Simpson, H. E. 1949Measurement of diversityNature163668Google Scholar
  39. VanZyllDe Jong, M. C., Cowx, I. G., Scruton, D. A. 1997An evaluation of instream habitat restoration techniques on salmonid populations in a Newfoundland streamRegulated Rivers: Research & Management13603614Google Scholar
  40. Walling, D. E., Webb, B. W. 1992Water quality I. Phisical characteristicsCalow, P.Petts, G. E. eds. The River Handbook (I)Blackwell Scientific PublicationsOxford4872Google Scholar
  41. Ward, J. V., Tockner, K., Uehlinger, U., Malard, F. 2001Understanding natural patterns and processes in river corridors as the basis for effective river restorationRegulated Rivers: Research & Management17331323Google Scholar
  42. Williamson, R. B., Smith, R. K., Quinn, J. M. 1992Effects of riparian grazing and channelisation on streams in Southland, New Zealand. 1. Channel form and stabilityNew Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research26241258Google Scholar
  43. Zika, U., Peter, A. 2002The introduction of woody debris into a channelized stream: effect on trout populations and habitatRiver Research and Applications18355366Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javier Oscoz
    • 1
  • Pedro M. Leunda
    • 1
  • Rafael Miranda
    • 1
  • Cristina García-Fresca
    • 1
  • Francisco Campos
    • 2
  • Ma Carmen Escala
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Ecology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of NavarraPamplonaSpain
  2. 2.Miguel de Cervantes European UniversityValladolidSpain

Personalised recommendations