, Volume 543, Issue 1, pp 147–158 | Cite as

Influences of productivity, vegetation, and fish on macroinvertebrate abundance and size in Midwestern USA impoundments

  • Paul H. Michaletz
  • Kathy E. Doisy
  • Charles F. Rabeni
Primary Research Paper


The influences of productivity, vegetation coverage, and benthivorous fish abundance on macroinvertebrate abundance and mean size were examined in Midwestern USA impoundments. While impoundment productivity was not strongly related to total abundance and mean size of macroinvertebrates, it was related to specific taxa. As productivity increased, Ephemeroptera and Odonata abundance decreased and Diptera abundance increased. Despite the shift in taxonomic composition, mean individual size of the macroinvertebrate community varied little with changes in impoundment productivity. Relationships between macroinvertebrates and benthivorous fish were mixed. Macroinvertebrate abundance, especially Diptera, increased with increases in bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque abundance and decreased with increases in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque) (which are stocked annually) abundance. Fish were not related to the mean size of macroinvertebrates. Macrophyte coverage was not related to macroinvertebrate abundance or mean size. Overall, macroinvertebrate abundance was mostly related to productivity and benthivorous fish in these impoundments. Mean size of macroinvertebrates did not differ with productivity, fish abundance, or macrophyte coverage.


macroinvertebrates impoundment productivity benthivorous fish macrophytes 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul H. Michaletz
    • 1
  • Kathy E. Doisy
    • 2
  • Charles F. Rabeni
    • 2
  1. 1.Missouri Department of ConservationColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Geological Survey, Missouri Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitUniversity of MissouriColumbia

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