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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 541, Issue 1, pp 189–203 | Cite as

Biological and ecological features of saline lakes in northern Tibet, China

  • Zhao Wen
  • Zheng Mian-ping
  • Xu Xian-zhong
  • Liu Xi-Fang
  • Guo Gan-lin
  • He Zhi-hui
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

In May and July 2001, the biological and ecological features of 22 salt lakes in northern Tibet , China, were investigated.Their salinity ranged from 1 to 390 g l−1. One hundred and thirty two samples were collected. Ninty five taxa of phytoplankton and 42 taxa of zooplankton were recorded. The dominant cation was sodium, with magnesium generally sub-dominant; CO 3 2− was the dominant anion in low salinity, chloride was the dominant anion with increasing salinity. Major species were Gloeothece linearis, Oscillatoria tenuis, Chroococcus minutus (blue-green algae); Navicula spp, Cymbella pusilla, Diatoma elongatum(diatoms); Dunaliella salina, Chlorella vulgarisand Ulothrix tenerrima (green algae). Major zooplankton included: Vorticella campanula, Epistylis daphniae (Protista); Keratella quadrata, Brachionus plicatilis (Rotifera); Artemiaspp. (Anostraca); Daphniopsis tibetana (Cladocera); Cletocamptus dertersiand Cyclops vicinus (Copepoda). Ten species were recorded in hypersaline waters; apart from those metioned above, they included CyclidiumsppLitonotus fasciola, Euplotes terricola, Strombilidium viride, Brachionus variabilis, Colurella adriatica, Keratella cochlearis, Colurella adriatica, and Cyclops sp. Seven taxa of benthic macroinvertebrates are recorded, represented by Cyprissp. (Ostracoda), Gammarus sp. (Amphipoda), Radixsp. and Hippeutis sp. (Mollusca); chiroonomids Tendipus group salinarius (Diptera), Nematoda, Trochophora and Ephrdra sp. At present, there are fishes only in Bangong Co., and no fishes recorded in other salt lakes. The total number of plankton species has a significantly negative correlation with the salinity, and decreased with increasing altitude, but not significant.

Keywords

biological resources species composition diversity index environmental factors northern Tibetan saline lakes 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhao Wen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zheng Mian-ping
    • 2
  • Xu Xian-zhong
    • 1
  • Liu Xi-Fang
    • 2
  • Guo Gan-lin
    • 1
  • He Zhi-hui
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyDalian Fisheries UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.R & D Center of Saline Lake and EpithermalDepartment of Chinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina

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