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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 539, Issue 1, pp 1–11 | Cite as

Degradation of surface-water dissolved organic matter: influences of DOM chemical characteristics and microbial populations

  • Katherine C. Young
  • Kathryn M. Docherty
  • Patricia A. Maurice
  • Scott D. Bridgham
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

The degree to which biodegradation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) depends on microbial community structure and source remains unknown. In this study, we concentrated the microbial biomass from two streams in northern Michigan and a dystrophic ‘bog’ lake in northern Wisconsin with varying initial DOM concentration (6.7–78.8 mg C l−1) and DOM chemical characteristics (e.g. DOM average molecular weights from 808–1887 Da). Each of the three microbial inocula was added to each of the three DOM sources at in situ population levels for a total of nine treatments. Changes in DOM concentration and bacterial productivity, along with chemical characteristics, were examined over 308 h. The [3H]-leucine incorporation method was used to measure microbial production. In two of three sampling sites, bacterial communities were most productive when metabolizing DOM in their native waters. A variable peak in productivity was seen between 16–48 h after inoculation, followed by a drop in productivity in most treatments, with periods of DOM production most likely due to microbial turnover. These data suggest that microbial communities are better able to degrade the DOM of their native habitats, suggesting that biodegradation of DOM is influenced by source-specific microbial species and DOM chemical characteristics.

Keywords

biodegradation dissolved organic matter microbial community 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine C. Young
    • 1
  • Kathryn M. Docherty
    • 2
  • Patricia A. Maurice
    • 1
  • Scott D. Bridgham
    • 3
  1. 1.Civil Engineering and Geological SciencesUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA
  3. 3.Center for Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA

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