Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 530, Issue 1–3, pp 529–535 | Cite as

Associations between gelatinous zooplankton and hyperiid amphipods (Crustacea: Peracarida) in the Gulf of California

  • Rebeca Gasca
  • Steven H. D. Haddock
Article

Abstract

Hyperiid amphipods are pelagic crustaceans that live associated with gelatinous zooplankton including medusae, ctenophores, siphonophores, and salps. Standard plankton sampling disrupts natural associations, so the most reliable way to determine an association is through direct observation of the organisms in their environment. The planktonic fauna of the Gulf of California dwelling between 10 and 3000 m was surveyed using SCUBA diving and a remotely operated submersible (ROV) during March 2003. Here we report our observations on a total of 14 symbiotic associations found between the hyperiid amphipods and various taxa of gelatinous zooplankton. We found parental care behavior in a group of amphipods (Oxycephalidae) in which this phenomenon has not been previously reported. For two hyperiid species, Euthamneus rostratus and Vibilia australis, we present the first information on their symbiotic relations. Additional hosts were discovered for other well-known and widely distributed hyperiid species (i.e. Brachyscelus crusculum, Hyperoche medusarum). Photographic evidence of some of these interactions is included in this contribution. This is the first survey of these relationships in the Gulf of California, and many aspects of the ecology and biology of these symbioses remain to be studied.

Keywords

symbiosis plankton siphonophores medusae ctenophores 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bowman, T. E., Gruner, H.-E. 1973The families and genera of Hyperiidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda)Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology146164Google Scholar
  2. Brinton, E., Fleminger, A., Siegel-Causey, D. 1986The temperate and tropical planktonic biotas of the Gulf of CaliforniaCalCOFI Reports27228266Google Scholar
  3. Dittrich, B. 1987Postembryonic development of the parasitic amphipod Hyperia galbaHelgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen41217232Google Scholar
  4. Dittrich, B. 1988Studies on the life cycle and reproduction of the parasitic amphipod Hyperia galba in the North SeaHelgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen427998Google Scholar
  5. Dittrich, B. 1992Functional morphology of the mouthparts and feeding strategies of the parasitic amphipod Hyperia galba (Montagu, 1813)Sarsia771118Google Scholar
  6. Evans, F., Sheader, M. 1972Host species of the hyperiid amphipod Hyperoche medusarum (Kroyer) in the North SeaCrustaceana3 (Suppl.)275276Google Scholar
  7. Harbison, G. R., Madin, L. P., Swanberg, N. R. 1978On the natural history and distribution of oceanic ctenophoresDeep-Sea Research25233256Google Scholar
  8. Laval, P. 1980Hyperiid amphipods as crustacean parasitoids associated with gelatinous zooplanktonOceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review181156Google Scholar
  9. Madin, L. P., Harbison, G. R. 1977The associations of Amphipoda Hyperiidea with gelatinous zooplanktonI. Associations with Salpidae. Deep-Sea Research24449463Google Scholar
  10. Shih, C.-t., Chen, Q.-C. 1995Zooplankton of China Seas (2)The Hyperiidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda). China Ocean PressBeijingGoogle Scholar
  11. Siegel-Causey, D. 1982Factors Determining the Distribution of Hyperiid Amphipoda in the Gulf of CaliforniaPh.D. DissertationUniversity of Arizona, TucsonGoogle Scholar
  12. Stretch, J. J., King, J. M. 1980Direct fission: an undescribed reproductive method in HydromedusaeBulletin of Marine Science30522526Google Scholar
  13. Thiel, M. 1976Wirbellose Meerestiere als Parasiten, Kommensalen oder Symbionten in oder an ScyphomedusenHelgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen28417446Google Scholar
  14. Thiel, M. 1997Another caprellid amphipod with extended parental care: Aeginina longicornisJournal of Crustacean Biology17275278Google Scholar
  15. Thiel, M. 2000Extended parental care behavior in crustaceans–A comparative overviewIn vonVaupel KleinJ. C. & F. Schram (eds), The Biodiversity Crisis and Crustacea. Proceedings of the Fourth International Crustacean Congress. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: 211–225Google Scholar
  16. Thiel, M., Sampson, S., Watling, L. 1997Extended parental care in two endobenthic amphipodsJournal of Natural History31713725Google Scholar
  17. Thurston, M. H. 1977Depth distribution of Hyperia spinigera Bovallius, 1889 (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and medusae in the North Atlantic Ocean, with notes on the association between Hyperia and coelenteratesIn AngelM. (ed.), A Voyage of Discovery. Pergamon Press Limited, Oxford: 499–536Google Scholar
  18. Vader, W. 1983Associations between amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actinaria)Memoirs of the Australian Museum18141153Google Scholar
  19. Vinogradov, M. E., Volkov, A. F., Semenova, T. N. 1996Hyperiid Amphipods (Amphipoda, Hyperiidea) of the World OceansScience Publications IncorporatedLebanon, USAGoogle Scholar
  20. Westernhagen, H. 1976Some aspects of the biology of the hyperiid amphipod Hyperoche medusarumHelgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen284350Google Scholar
  21. Youngbluth, M. J., 1984. Manned submersibles and sophisticated instrumentation: tools for oceanographic research. SUBTECH’83 Proceedings: Society for Underwater Technology. London: 335–344.Google Scholar
  22. Zeidler, W. 1992Hyperiid amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda, Hyperiidea) collected recently from eastern Australian watersRecords of the Australian Museum4485133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Zeidler, W. 1998Pelagic Amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyperiidea) collected from eastern and south-eastern Australian waters by the CSIRO research vessel ‘Warreen’ during the years 1938–1941Records of the South Australian Museum. Monograph Series41143Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR).ChetumalMexico
  2. 2.Monterey Bay Aquarium Research InstituteMoss LandingUSA
  3. 3.Smithsonian InstitutionResearch Associate, National Museum of Natural HistoryWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations