Human Physiology

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 352–357 | Cite as

Exercise Performance: Its Relationship with Morphological and Functional Characteristics in Two Ethnic Groups of Yakutia

  • G. K. Stepanova


Morphological and functional criteria permitting the prediction of exercise performance were identified for two ethnic groups of Yakutia (Sakha). Yakuts with a low body height, normotonic autonomic nervous regulation, a relatively high weight-height index, eukinetic blood circulation, and a high specific exercise performance are best adapted to the environment. A high exercise performance in sympathicotonic subgroups cannot be a criterion of good adaptation because it is accompanied by cardiovascular strain even at rest. A high prevalence of sympathicotonia and body weight deficit in the ethnic groups studied reflect maladaptations caused by a set of adverse natural and social environmental factors.


Environmental Factor Ethnic Group Human Physiology Blood Circulation Functional Characteristic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Avtsyn, A.P., Zhavoronkov, A.A., Marachev, A.G., and Milovanov, A.P., Patologiya cheloveka na Severe (Human Pathology in the North), Moscow: Meditsina, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kaznacheev, V.P., Human Ecology: Problems and Prospects, in Ekologiya cheloveka: Osnovnye problemy (Human Ecology: Basic Problems), Moscow, 1988, p. 9.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schaefer, O., Timmermans, T.W., Eaton, D.P., and Matthaw, A., Comparison of General and Nutritional Health in Two Eskimo Populations at Different Stages of Accultivation, in Scientific and Technical Progress and Circumpolar Health, Novosibirsk, 1978, vol. 1, p. 5.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kaznacheev, V.P. and Kaznacheev, S.V., Adaptatsiya i konstitutsiya cheloveka (Human Adaptation and Constitution), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1986.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alekseeva, T.I., Adaptivnye protsessy v populyatsiyakh cheloveka (Adaptive Processes in Human Populations), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1986.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Agadzhanyan, N.A., Ermakova, N.V., and Kutsov, G.M., Ecological and Physiological Characteristics of the Adaptive Reactions of the Indigenous and Immigrant Populations of Evenkia, Fiziol. Chel., 1995, vol. 21, no.3, p. 106.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Folkov, B. and Nil, E., Krovoobrashchenie (Blood Circulation), Moscow: Meditsina, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pushkar’, Yu.T., Bol’shov, V.M., Elizarova, N.A., et al., Estimation of the Cardiac Output by Means of Tetrapolar Thoracic Rheography and Its Metrological Possibilities, Kardiologiya, 1977, no. 7, p. 85.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Degtyareva, T.G., Anthropometric Characteristics of the Physical Development of the Male Population of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Abstr. Cand. Sci. (Med.) Dis-sertation, Krasnoyarsk, 2001.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Baevskii, R.M., Kirillov, O.I., and Kletskin, O.Z., Matematicheskii analiz izmenenii serdechnogo ritma pri stresse (Mathematical Analysis of the Changes in Cardiac Rhythm in Stress), Moscow: Nauka, 1984.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Glants, S.A., Mediko-biologicheskaya statistika (Bio-medical Statistics), Moscow: Praktika, 1998.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Davidenko, V.I. and Deryapa, N.R., Types of Circulation Self-Regulation in Healthy Subjects in Different Climatic and Geographic Zones, Byull. Sib. Otd. Akad. Med. Nauk, 1983, no. 4, p. 40.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sidorenko, G.I., Al’khimovich, V.M., and Pavlova, A.I., Changes in Circulation Parameters in Healthy Subjects under Different Levels of Physical Load as Dependent on the Hemodynamic Type, Kardiologiya, 1984, vol. 24, no.6, p. 79.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bova, A.A., The Expert, Prognostic, and Adaptation Importance of Blood Circulation Types in Pilots, Doctoral (Med.) Dissertation, Moscow, 1996.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. K. Stepanova
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical InstituteYakutian State UniversityYakutskRussia

Personalised recommendations