Human Ecology

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 435–441 | Cite as

Biogas Plants Ease Ecological Stress in India’s Remote Villages

  • Govindasamy Agoramoorthy
  • Minna J. Hsu


Increasing human population growth and persistent poverty in developing countries continue to influence ecological degradation, especially of forests around the world. About 4.2% of the forest cover that stood in 1990 had disappeared by the end of the decade (FAO 2001). The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005), determined that of the 24 ecosystem services examined, including freshwater, food, climate, and air quality, 15 (62.5%) are presently being degraded or used unsustainably. Similarly, an appraisal from the World Conservation Union (2004) on the status of global forest plant diversity showed that 45% of the plant species assessed, have been classified as endangered or critically endangered with the possibility of extinction.

In developing countries, wood is traditionally the main source of fuel for rural people who live adjacent to forest areas. About 2.5 billion people, mostly in Asia, use firewood or other biomass collected from forest for energy (Starke 2004)....


Biogas Plant Tribal Community Local Ecology Joint Forest Management State Government Agency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Sincere thanks are extended to Mr. Harnath Jagawat and Mrs. Sharmishta Jagawat, Directors of Sadguru Foundation for their generous hospitality, kind support and excellent guidance. This research could not have been accomplished without their passionate support and constant encouragement. The contributions of Mr. Badal Manna for sharing his experience on village biogas plants are acknowledged with gratitude. The financial support of Sir Ratan Tata Trust and Sir Dorabji Tata Trust (Mumbai) to carry out the research work at Sadguru Foundation through Tata Visiting Chair status awarded to G. Agoramoorthy is greatly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental and Health SciencesTajen UniversityPingtungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesNational Sun Yat-sen UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan

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