Comparative efficacy and safety of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in heart failure: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Abstract

The efficacy and safety of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in patients with heart failure (HF) are controversial. To explore the role of MRAs in HF patients with an ejection fraction of no more than 45%, we conducted a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Clinicaltrials. RCTs involving the efficacy and/or safety of the use of MRAs in patients with HF were included. Outputs are presented as the surface under the cumulative ranking area (SUCRA) probabilities. Thirteen RCTs involving a total of 13,597 participants were included. Finerenone 10 mg was associated with the lowest probability of achieving at cardiovascular mortality (SUCRA, 5.0%), followed by finerenone 7.5 mg (SUCRA, 31.6%). In reducing N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, finerenone 15 mg and finerenone 7.5 mg ranked the best and second best (SUCRA 68.1% and 63.8%, respectively), followed by finerenone 10 mg (SUCRA 59.2%). Spironolactone and canrenone have a higher risk of hyperkalemia and renal deterioration. Regarding the prevention of worsening renal function, finerenone 7.5 mg (SUCRA 14.3%) was the best treatment, followed by finerenone 2.5 mg (SUCRA 16.3%) and finerenone 10 mg (SUCRA 25.6%). Compared with spironolactone and eplerenone, finerenone 10 mg was associated with low risk in the occurrence of cardiovascular mortality, hospitalization, and adverse events (P < 0.01). This network meta-analysis is the first to find that finerenone 7.5–10 mg has the highest probability of being the optimal alternative among MRAs in the treatment of HF patients with an ejection fraction of no more than 45%.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Provincial Plans—Social Development Areas—Major Projects of Jiangxi Province (No. 20161ACG70012) and the “5511” Innovative Drivers for Talent Teams of Jiangxi Province (No. 20165BCB18018).

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Y-PP and S-W performed the meta-analysis; C-X, ZH-D, and X-XX were responsible for the statistical analysis; W-T and X-GS provided editing assistance; and W-QH prepared the manuscript. All authors have reviewed and agreed to this information before submission.

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Correspondence to Qinghua Wu.

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Yang, P., Shen, W., Chen, X. et al. Comparative efficacy and safety of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in heart failure: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Heart Fail Rev 24, 637–646 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10741-019-09790-5

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Keywords

  • Heart failure
  • Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Meta-analysis