Downregulation of ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14) inhibits breast cancer cell proliferation and metastasis, but promotes apoptosis
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Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in women. Previously, evidence suggested that ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14) was associated with various signal transduction pathways and tumourigenesis. In this study, we demonstrate that USP14 is a novel therapeutic target in breast cancer. A Western blot analysis of USP14 was performed using seven breast cancer tissues and paired adjacent normal tissues and showed that the expression of USP14 was increased in the breast cancer tissues. Immunohistochemistry was conducted on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections of breast cancer samples from 100 cases. Using Pearson’s χ2 test, it was demonstrated that USP14 expression was associated with the histological grade, lymph node status and Ki-67 expression in the tumour. The Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that increased USP14 expression in patients with breast cancer was associated with a poorer prognosis. In in vitro experiments, the highly migratory MDA-MB-231 cells that were treated with USP14-shRNA (shUSP14) exhibited decreased motility using Transwell migration assays. Next, we employed a starvation and re-feeding assay, and the CCK-8 assay demonstrated that USP14 regulated breast cancer cell proliferation. Furthermore, we used flow cytometry to analyse cellular apoptosis following USP14 knockdown. Taken together, our results suggested that USP14 was involved in the progression of breast cancer.
KeywordsUSP14 Breast cancer Proliferation Migration Apoptosis
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81302285) and the Natural Scientific Foundation of Nantong University Grant (No. 12Z009).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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