Increase of MT1-MMP, TIMP-2 and Ki-67 proteins in the odontogenic region of the rat incisor post-shortening procedure
MT1-MMP and TIMP-2 are well known for their roles in remodelling of extracellular matrix components. However, reports are emerging on the involvement of these molecules in cell kinetics. In the rat incisor tooth, a shortening treatment increases the eruption and cell proliferation rates. However, the role of MT1-MMP and TIMP-2 proteins in these processes is still to be evaluated. Male Wistar rats were divided in two groups. In the normofunctional group (NF) the lower teeth of the rats remained in a normal eruption process. In the hypofunctional group (HP) rats their lower left incisor tooth was shortened every 2 days during 12 days. The eruption rate was estimated during the shortening period and MT1-MMP, TIMP-2 and Ki-67 protein expression from the odontogenic region was measured after the treatment. In HP groups an increase in eruption rate, and in MT1-MMP/TIMP-2 and Ki-67 expression were observed. We conclude that there is a relationship between the increase in eruption rate, and in levels of MT1-MMP, TIMP-2 and Ki-67 in the HP group. This suggests that MT1-MMP and TIMP-2 may have some role in cell proliferation during the eruption of the rat incisor tooth.
KeywordsIncisor Matrix metalloproteinase Cell proliferation
Our thanks for FAPESP—SÃO PAULO, Brazil, by the financial support of this research as well as to Dr. Ann J. Stocker from Centre for Environmental Stress and Adaptation Research (CESAR), Department of Genetics, University of Melbourne, Australia, by your kindly in prepare the English revision of this manuscript.
- Bar-Lev M, Michaeli Y, Zajicek G, Weinreb MM (1977) Role of attrition and occlusal contact in the physiology of the rat incisor: XI Kinetics of inner enamel epithelium during severely impeded eruption. J Dent Res 56(2):135–139Google Scholar
- Novaes PD, Barbosa SC, Omar NF, Neves JS, Narvaes EAO, Soares MAM, Gomes JR (2009) Ultrastructural Aspects of Frequency of Ciliated Fibroblasts in the Periodontal Ligament of Incisor Tooth of Rats Submitted to Different Eruption Conditions. Animal Biol J 1(2):59–69Google Scholar
- Prasad M, Butler WT, Qin C (2010) Dentin sialophosphoprotein in biomineralization. Connect Tissue Res. Apr2. Epub ahead of printGoogle Scholar
- Schwab W, Harada H, Goetz W, Nowicki M, Witt M, Kasper M, Barth K (2007) Immunocytochemical and biochemical detection of EMMPRIN in the rat tooth germ: differentiation-dependent co-expression with MMPs and co-localization with caveolin-1 in membrane rafts of dental epithelial cells Histochem. Cell Biol 128(3):195–203Google Scholar
- Stetler-Stevenson WG (2008) Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in cell signaling: metalloproteinase-independent biological activities. Sci Signal 8; 1(27):re6Google Scholar
- Stetler-Stevenson WG, Bersch N, Golde DW (1992) Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) has erythroid-potentiating activity. FEBS Lett 20; 296 (2):231–234Google Scholar
- Yamakoshi Y (2009) Dentinogenesis and Dentin Sialophosphoprotein (DSPP). J Oral Biosci 10; 51(3):134Google Scholar