Journal of Molecular Histology

, Volume 36, Issue 8–9, pp 483–489 | Cite as

Cigarette Smoke Affects Apoptosis in Rat Tongue Mucosa: Role of bcl-2 Gene Family

  • Gerson F Assis
  • Daniele S Ceolin
  • Mariângela E A Marques
  • Daisy M F Salvadori
  • Daniel A Ribeiro
Original Paper


While it has been clearly demonstrated that smoking is the most significant exogenous factor involved in oral carcinogenesis, little is known about the global molecular and cellular changes that occur prior to the appearance of clinically detectable symptoms. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the expressivity of bcl-2, bax and PCNA in the rat tongue mucosa exposed to cigarette smoke by means of immunohistochemistry. A total of twelve male Wistar rats were distributed into 2 groups: negative control and experimental group exposed to cigarette smoke during 75 days. After experimental period, no histopathological changes in the tongue mucosa were detected in the negative control and the experimental group. On the other hand, an overexpression of bcl-2 was detected (p < 0.01) throughout all layers of the epithelium, whereas bax did not show significant differences (p > 0.05). Also, the labeling index for bcl-2 and bax showed an increase 75 days after cigarette exposure (p < 0.01). PCNA-labeling index did not show remarkable changes between groups. Taken together, our results show that bcl-2 is overexpressed in the rat tongue keratinocytes after cigarette smoke exposure.

Key words

Bax bcl-2 PCNA Rat tongue Smoking 


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The authors are grateful to Tania Mary Cestari for her technical assistance. This work was supported by CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, Grant number: 141501/2002-2) and FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Grant number: 02/09454-0).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerson F Assis
    • 1
  • Daniele S Ceolin
    • 1
  • Mariângela E A Marques
    • 2
  • Daisy M F Salvadori
    • 2
  • Daniel A Ribeiro
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences, Laboratory of HistologyBauru School of Dentistry, USPBauruBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Center for Genotoxins and Carcinogens EvaluationTOXICAN, Botucatu Medical School, UNESPBotucatuBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina de BotucatuUNESPBotucatuBrazil

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