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Table 4 Goodness-of-fit statistics and information criteria of group invariance and longitudinal invariance for ESEM models

From: Motivation matters: predicting students’ career decidedness and intention to drop out after the first year in higher education

Model RMSEA CFI TLI SRMR χ2 df
Cohorts at T1
Configural      99.99 52
Metric      120.13 68
Scalar      133.40 76
Cohorts at T2
Configural      251.06 174
Metric      308.06 230
Scalar      323.08 244
Across time
Configural .035 .969 .962 .040 440.86 309
Metric .034 .969 .964 .045 456.92 325
Scalar .035 .967 .962 .047 4.73.94 333
Partial scalar .034 .968 .964 .046 466.06 332
  1. ESEM, exploratory structural equation modelling; CFI, comparative fit index; TLI, Tucker-Lewis index; SRMR, standardised root-mean-square; df, degrees of freedom